Saint Pierre and Miquelon Flag Icon

Saint Pierre and Miquelon Country Guide

Explore Saint Pierre and Miquelon in North America

Saint Pierre and Miquelon with the capital city Saint-Pierre is located in North America (Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 243 square kilometres (one and half times the size of Washington, DC) with 7,012 citizens.

Interactive map of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The terrain features mostly barren rock. The average density of population is approximately 29 per km². The notable climate conditions in Saint Pierre and Miquelon can be described as cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog with spring and autumn are often windy. Potential natural disasters are persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard.

To reach someone in Saint Pierre and Miquelon dial +508 prior to a number. There are 4,800 installed telephones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".pm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

A yellow three-masted sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a blue background with scattered, white, wavy lines under the ship; a continuous black-over-white wavy line divides the ship from the white wavy lines; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the blue on the main portion of the flag symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean and the stylized ship represents the Grande Hermine in which Jacques Cartier "discovered" the islands in 1536
note: the flag of France used for official occasions.

First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

National administrative regions of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Saint-Pierre
Size 242 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 93 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
one and half times the size of Washington, DC
Population 7,012
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .pm
Telephone Country Prefix +508
Mobile Phone Connections 0
Landline Phone Connections 4,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 242 (sq km) 214

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 5,774 229
Population growth rate -1.01 (%) 230
Birth rate 7.79 (births/1,000 population) 221
Death rate 9.18 (deaths/1,000 population) 62
Net migration rate -8.66 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 206
Infant mortality rate 7.12 (deaths/1,000 live births) 162
Life expectancy at birth 80.13 (years) 32
Total fertility rate 1.55 (children born/woman) 182


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 215,300,000 219
GDP - per capita (PPP) 34,900 42
Labor force 3,194 225
Unemployment rate 9.90 (%) 106
Taxes and other revenues 32.5 (% of GDP) 80
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 4.60 (% of GDP) 15
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.50 (%) 129
Exports 6,641,000 216
Imports 95,350,000 213


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 53,000,000 (kWh) 204
Electricity - consumption 49,290,000 (kWh) 205
Electricity - installed generating capacity 27000 (kW) 193
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 34
Refined petroleum products - consumption 974 (bbl/day) 205
Refined petroleum products - imports 584 (bbl/day) 200
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 152,600 (Mt) 198


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 4,800 211
Internet hosts 15 225


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 2 209
Roadways 117 (km) 214

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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