San Marino Flag Icon

San Marino Country Guide

Explore San Marino in Europe

San Marino with the capital city San Marino is located in Europe (Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy). It covers some 62 square kilometres (about one third times the size of Washington, DC) with 29,000 citizens.

Interactive map of San Marino

The topography includes rugged mountains. The average density of population is approximately 474 per km². The notable climate conditions in San Marino can be described as Mediterranean with mild to cool winters, warm, sunny summers. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in San Marino dial +378 prior to a number. There are 21,500 installed telephones. And there are 24,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of n, a Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of San Marino

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the main colors derive from the shield of the coat of arms, which features three white towers on three peaks on a blue field; the towers represent three castles built on San Marino's highest feature, Mount Titano: Guaita, Cesta, and Montale; the coat of arms is flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty); the white and blue colors are also said to stand for peace and liberty respectively.

Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino''s foreign policy is aligned with that of the European Union, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Italy
Capital: San Marino
Size 61 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 24 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about one third times the size of Washington, DC
Population 29,000
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sm
Telephone Country Prefix +378
Mobile Phone Connections 24,000
Landline Phone Connections 21,500

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 61 (sq km) 229

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 32,448 214
Population growth rate 0.93 (%) 122
Birth rate 8.78 (births/1,000 population) 212
Death rate 8.17 (deaths/1,000 population) 92
Net migration rate 8.66 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 13
Infant mortality rate 4.58 (deaths/1,000 live births) 185
Life expectancy at birth 83.12 (years) 5
Total fertility rate 1.48 (children born/woman) 192
Health expenditures 7.10 (% of GDP) 78


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,371,000,000 199
GDP - real growth rate -4.00 (%) 215
GDP - per capita (PPP) 36,200 39
Labor force 21,830 209
Unemployment rate 7.00 (%) 78
Taxes and other revenues 36.0 (% of GDP) 61
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.50 (% of GDP) 72
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.50 (%) 53
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.38 (%) 153
Stock of broad money 4,584,000,000 131
Stock of domestic credit 8,822,000,000 104
Industrial production growth rate 2.30 (%) 109
Exports 3,827,000,000 124
Imports 2,551,000,000 155


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 18,700 192
Telephones - mobile cellular 35,500 204
Internet hosts 11,015 133
Internet users 17,000 197


Value name Value World Rank
Roadways 292 (km) 205

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano covers 55 ha, including Mount Titano and the historic centre of the city which dates back to the foundation of the republic as a city-state in the 13th century. San Marino is inscribed as a testimony to the ...