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Singapore Country Guide

Explore Singapore in Asia

Singapore with the capital city Singapore is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia). It covers some 694 square kilometres (slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 4,608,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers lowland and gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve. The average density of population is approximately 6,652 per km². The notable climate conditions in Singapore can be described as tropical with hot, humid, rainy, two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September), inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Singapore dial +65 prior to a number. There are 1,852,000 installed telephones. And there are 6,652,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Singapore

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.

Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world''s busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Capital: Singapore
Size 693 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 267 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 4,608,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: SGD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sg
Telephone Country Prefix +65
Mobile Phone Connections 6,652,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,852,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 697 (sq km) 192

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 5,460,302 115
Population growth rate 1.96 (%) 55
Birth rate 7.91 (births/1,000 population) 220
Death rate 3.41 (deaths/1,000 population) 215
Net migration rate 15.08 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 5
Maternal mortality rate 3.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 182
Infant mortality rate 2.59 (deaths/1,000 live births) 221
Life expectancy at birth 84.07 (years) 4
Total fertility rate 0.79 (children born/woman) 224
Health expenditures 4.00 (% of GDP) 168
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 159
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,400 127
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 152
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.10 (%) 142
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.30 (%) 108
Education expenditures 3.30 (% of GDP) 132
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 6.7 (%) 128

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 331,900,000,000 41
GDP - real growth rate 1.30 (%) 152
GDP - per capita (PPP) 61,400 7
Labor force 3,618,000 97
Unemployment rate 2.00 (%) 12
Distribution of family income - Gini index 48 26
Investment (gross fixed) 24.70 (% of GDP) 55
Taxes and other revenues 15.4 (% of GDP) 189
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 0.90 (% of GDP) 31
Public debt 111.40 (% of GDP) 13
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.40 (%) 121
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.38 (%) 154
Stock of narrow money 112,600,000,000 33
Stock of broad money 400,800,000,000 26
Stock of domestic credit 314,400,000,000 35
Market value of publicly traded shares 569,400,000,000 21
Industrial production growth rate 0.10 (%) 143
Current account balance 51,440,000,000 11
Exports 408,400,000,000 14
Imports 379,700,000,000 14
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 259,300,000,000 12
Debt - external 1,174,000,000,000 16
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 454,900,000,000 15
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 300,300,000,000 19

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 45,370,000,000 (kWh) 54
Electricity - consumption 41,200,000,000 (kWh) 53
Electricity - installed generating capacity 10470000 (kW) 54
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.8 (% of total installed capacity) 48
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.2 (% of total installed capacity) 90
Crude oil - imports 883,500 (bbl/day) 13
Refined petroleum products - production 1,357,000 (bbl/day) 18
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,250,000 (bbl/day) 20
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,140,000 (bbl/day) 6
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,348,000 (bbl/day) 5
Natural gas - consumption 8,778,000,000 (cu m) 53
Natural gas - imports 8,778,000,000 (cu m) 28
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 172,200,000 (Mt) 31

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,017,000 58
Telephones - mobile cellular 7,794,000 90
Internet hosts 1,960,000 39
Internet users 3,235,000 65

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 9 158
Roadways 3,356 (km) 163
Merchant marine 1,599 6

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.60 (% of GDP) 33

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since