Slovenia Flag Icon

Slovenia Country Guide

Explore Slovenia in Europe

Slovenia with the capital city Ljubljana is located in Europe (south Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia). It covers some 20,274 square kilometres (slightly smaller than New Jersey) with 2,007,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Slovenia

The terrain features a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east. The average density of population is approximately 99 per km². The notable climate conditions in Slovenia can be described as Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Potential natural disasters are flooding or earthquakes.

To reach someone in Slovenia dial +386 prior to a number. There are 1,034,000 installed telephones. And there are 2,100,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".si". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Slovenia

Three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, derive from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola; the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers, and above it are three six-pointed stars arranged in an inverted triangle, which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries) appears in the upper hoist side of the flag centered on the white and blue bands.

The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow''s rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia''s transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the eurozone in 2007.

National administrative regions of Slovenia

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Hungary, Italy, Croatia, Austria
Capital: Ljubljana
Size 20,273 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 7,827 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Population 2,007,000
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .si
Telephone Country Prefix +386
Mobile Phone Connections 2,100,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,034,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 20,273 (sq km) 155

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,992,690 147
Population growth rate -0.21 (%) 214
Birth rate 8.66 (births/1,000 population) 214
Death rate 11.12 (deaths/1,000 population) 37
Net migration rate 0.38 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 69
Maternal mortality rate 12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 147
Infant mortality rate 4.08 (deaths/1,000 live births) 198
Life expectancy at birth 77.66 (years) 61
Total fertility rate 1.32 (children born/woman) 211
Health expenditures 9.40 (% of GDP) 38
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 158
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 140
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 151
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 28.60 (%) 33
Education expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 49
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 15.7 (%) 82


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 58,910,000,000 91
GDP - real growth rate -2.30 (%) 210
GDP - per capita (PPP) 28,700 54
Labor force 923,000 145
Unemployment rate 11.90 (%) 125
Distribution of family income - Gini index 24 135
Investment (gross fixed) 16.70 (% of GDP) 126
Taxes and other revenues 44.9 (% of GDP) 26
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.60 (% of GDP) 152
Public debt 53.20 (% of GDP) 55
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.60 (%) 60
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 123
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.82 (%) 142
Stock of narrow money 16,030,000,000 66
Stock of broad money 26,520,000,000 79
Stock of domestic credit 49,600,000,000 65
Market value of publicly traded shares 9,428,000,000 74
Industrial production growth rate 2.20 (%) 110
Current account balance 297,600,000 49
Exports 28,420,000,000 66
Imports 29,830,000,000 66
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,154,000,000 132
Debt - external 53,880,000,000 59
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 17,910,000,000 71
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 9,755,000,000 54


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 15,610,000,000 (kWh) 80
Electricity - consumption 11,600,000,000 (kWh) 85
Electricity - exports 10,140,000,000 (kWh) 21
Electricity - imports 8,014,000,000 (kWh) 30
Electricity - installed generating capacity 3400000 (kW) 84
Electricity - from fossil fuels 42.2 (% of total installed capacity) 168
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 21.5 (% of total installed capacity) 9
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 34.5 (% of total installed capacity) 62
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.8 (% of total installed capacity) 62
Crude oil - production 5 (bbl/day) 103
Refined petroleum products - consumption 52,930 (bbl/day) 97
Refined petroleum products - exports 11,500 (bbl/day) 84
Refined petroleum products - imports 60,270 (bbl/day) 64
Natural gas - production 7,000,000 (cu m) 92
Natural gas - consumption 1,060,000,000 (cu m) 89
Natural gas - imports 1,053,000,000 (cu m) 59
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 17,420,000 (Mt) 87


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 872,800 84
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,168,000 138
Internet hosts 415,581 54
Internet users 1,298,000 92


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 16 143
Railways 1,228 (km) 84
Roadways 38,925 (km) 91
Merchant marine 24 90


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.70 (% of GDP) 84

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija
The property includes the mining sites of Almadén (Spain), where mercury (quicksilver) has been extracted since antiquity, and Idrija (Slovenia), where mercury was first found in AD1490. The Spanish property includes buildings relating to its mining ...
Škocjan Caves
This exceptional system of limestone caves comprises collapsed dolines, some 6 km of underground passages with a total depth of more than 200 m, many waterfalls and one of the largest known underground chambers. The site, located in the Kras region ( ...