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Solomon Islands Country Guide

Explore Solomon Islands in Oceania

Solomon Islands with the capital city Honiara is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 28,451 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 581,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Solomon Islands

The topography includes mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls. The average density of population is approximately 20 per km². The notable climate conditions in Solomon Islands can be described as tropical monsoon with few extremes of temperature and weather. Possible natural disasters include typhoons, but rarely destructive or geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity or tsunamis.

To reach someone in Solomon Islands dial +677 prior to a number. There are 8,200 installed telephones. And there are 30,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sb". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Solomon Islands

Divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green; blue represents the ocean; green the land; and yellow sunshine; the five stars stand for the five main island groups of the Solomon Islands.

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Honiara
Size 28,450 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,985 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 581,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: SBD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sb
Telephone Country Prefix +677
Mobile Phone Connections 30,000
Landline Phone Connections 8,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 28,896 (sq km) 144

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 597,248 168
Population growth rate 2.12 (%) 45
Birth rate 26.90 (births/1,000 population) 47
Death rate 3.88 (deaths/1,000 population) 208
Net migration rate -1.82 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 158
Maternal mortality rate 93.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 77
Infant mortality rate 16.70 (deaths/1,000 live births) 102
Life expectancy at birth 74.66 (years) 107
Total fertility rate 3.44 (children born/woman) 49
Health expenditures 8.60 (% of GDP) 51
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 30.00 (%) 27
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.50 (%) 64
Education expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 19


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,922,000,000 194
GDP - real growth rate 5.50 (%) 53
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,400 175
Labor force 202,500 170
Taxes and other revenues 33.6 (% of GDP) 75
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 5.40 (% of GDP) 13
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.00 (%) 109
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.17 (%) 64
Stock of narrow money 283,400,000 174
Stock of broad money 386,400,000 183
Stock of domestic credit 54,470,000 189
Current account balance -372,600,000 89
Exports 226,500,000 182
Imports 360,300,000 194
Debt - external 166,000,000 187


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 82,000,000 (kWh) 201
Electricity - consumption 76,260,000 (kWh) 201
Electricity - installed generating capacity 14000 (kW) 197
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 8
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,728 (bbl/day) 193
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,433 (bbl/day) 187
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 359,000 (Mt) 184


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 8,400 203
Telephones - mobile cellular 274,900 174
Internet hosts 4,370 148
Internet users 10,000 201


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 36 111
Roadways 1,360 (km) 177


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.70 (% of GDP) 28

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
East Rennell
East Rennell makes up the southern third of Rennell Island, the southernmost island in the Solomon Island group in the western Pacific. Rennell, 86 km long x 15 km wide, is the largest raised coral atoll in the world. The site includes approximately ...