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Suriname Country Guide

Explore Suriname in South America

Suriname with the capital city Paramaribo is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 163,271 square kilometres (slightly larger than Georgia) with 475,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly rolling hills and narrow coastal plain with swamps. The average density of population is approximately 3 per km². The notable climate conditions in Suriname can be described as tropical with moderated by trade winds. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Suriname dial +597 prior to a number. There are 83,700 installed telephones. And there are 763,900 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sr". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 127V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Suriname

Five horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); a large, yellow, five-pointed star is centered in the red band; red stands for progress and love; green symbolizes hope and fertility; white signifies peace, justice, and freedom; the star represents the unity of all ethnic groups; from its yellow light the nation draws strength to bear sacrifices patiently while working toward a golden future.

First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of African slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Guyana, Brazil, French Guiana
Capital: Paramaribo
Size 163,270 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 63,039 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Georgia
Population 475,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: SRD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sr
Telephone Country Prefix +597
Mobile Phone Connections 763,900
Landline Phone Connections 83,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 163,820 (sq km) 92

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 566,846 170
Population growth rate 1.15 (%) 102
Birth rate 17.10 (births/1,000 population) 115
Death rate 6.15 (deaths/1,000 population) 159
Net migration rate 0.57 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 64
Maternal mortality rate 130.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 63
Infant mortality rate 27.99 (deaths/1,000 live births) 69
Life expectancy at birth 71.41 (years) 145
Total fertility rate 2.04 (children born/woman) 123
Health expenditures 7.00 (% of GDP) 82
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.00 (%) 46
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,700 123
HIV/AIDS - deaths 200 104
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.10 (%) 60
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 7.50 (%) 74
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 21.5 (%) 53

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 6,874,000,000 162
GDP - real growth rate 4.50 (%) 72
GDP - per capita (PPP) 12,600 103
Labor force 165,600 176
Unemployment rate 9.00 (%) 103
Taxes and other revenues 17.4 (% of GDP) 180
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.40 (% of GDP) 90
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.00 (%) 158
Commercial bank prime lending rate 11.75 (%) 69
Stock of narrow money 1,132,000,000 145
Stock of broad money 2,300,000,000 148
Stock of domestic credit 1,286,000,000 151
Industrial production growth rate 6.50 (%) 46
Current account balance 577,200,000 43
Exports 2,927,000,000 131
Imports 1,838,000,000 166
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,048,000,000 135
Debt - external 504,300,000 171

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 1,603,000,000 (kWh) 141
Electricity - consumption 1,463,000,000 (kWh) 146
Electricity - installed generating capacity 389000 (kW) 146
Electricity - from fossil fuels 51.4 (% of total installed capacity) 155
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 48.6 (% of total installed capacity) 43
Crude oil - production 16,000 (bbl/day) 76
Crude oil - proved reserves 72000000 (bbl) 79
Refined petroleum products - production 7,407 (bbl/day) 108
Refined petroleum products - consumption 14,100 (bbl/day) 147
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,058 (bbl/day) 109
Refined petroleum products - imports 6,430 (bbl/day) 145
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,343,000 (Mt) 149

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 85,500 150
Telephones - mobile cellular 947,000 156
Internet hosts 188 202
Internet users 163,000 146

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 47 93
Roadways 4,304 (km) 154
Waterways 1,200 (km) 59

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.20 (% of GDP) 116

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Central Suriname Nature Reserve
The Central Suriname Nature Reserve comprises 1.6 million ha of primary tropical forest of west-central Suriname. It protects the upper watershed of the Coppename River and the headwaters of the Lucie, Oost, Zuid, Saramaccz, and Gran Rio rivers and c ...
2000
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Paramaribo is a former Dutch colonial town from the 17th and 18th centuries planted on the northern coast of tropical South America. The original and highly characteristic street plan of the historic centre remains intact. Its buildings illustrate th ...
2002