Taiwan Flag Icon

Taiwan Country Guide

Explore Taiwan in Asia

Taiwan with the capital city Taipei is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea). It covers some 35,981 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined) with 22,894,384 citizens.

Interactive map of Taiwan

The landscape offers eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains and flat to gently rolling plains in west. The average density of population is approximately 636 per km². The notable climate conditions in Taiwan can be described as tropical with marine, rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August), cloudiness being persistent and extensive all year. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes or typhoons.

To reach someone in Taiwan dial +886 prior to a number. There are 14,596,000 installed telephones. And there are 26,959,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tw". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 110V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Taiwan

Red field with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays; the blue and white design of the canton (symbolizing the sun of progress) dates to 1895; it was later adopted as the flag of the Kuomintang Party; blue signifies liberty, justice, and democracy; red stands for fraternity, sacrifice, and nationalism, white represents equality, frankness, and the people's livelihood; the 12 rays of the sun are those of the months and the twelve traditional Chinese hours (each ray equals two hours).

In 1895, military defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Beginning in the 1950s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia''s economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan''s eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.

National administrative regions of Taiwan

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Capital: Taipei
Size 35,980 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 13,892 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined
Population 22,894,384
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: TWD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tw
Telephone Country Prefix +886
Mobile Phone Connections 26,959,000
Landline Phone Connections 14,596,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 35,980 (sq km) 139

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 23,299,716 51
Population growth rate 0.27 (%) 170
Birth rate 8.61 (births/1,000 population) 215
Death rate 6.83 (deaths/1,000 population) 137
Net migration rate 0.91 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 58
Infant mortality rate 4.55 (deaths/1,000 live births) 186
Life expectancy at birth 79.71 (years) 39
Total fertility rate 1.11 (children born/woman) 222


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 918,300,000,000 21
GDP - real growth rate 1.30 (%) 151
GDP - per capita (PPP) 39,400 30
Labor force 11,300,000 48
Unemployment rate 4.30 (%) 37
Distribution of family income - Gini index 34 91
Investment (gross fixed) 19.50 (% of GDP) 105
Taxes and other revenues 12.2 (% of GDP) 203
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.50 (% of GDP) 73
Public debt 36.00 (% of GDP) 100
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.90 (%) 29
Central bank discount rate 1.88 (%) 113
Commercial bank prime lending rate 2.88 (%) 178
Stock of narrow money 407,800,000,000 13
Stock of broad money 1,119,000,000,000 17
Stock of domestic credit 772,000,000,000 20
Market value of publicly traded shares 784,100,000,000 18
Industrial production growth rate -0.10 (%) 148
Current account balance 40,880,000,000 12
Exports 301,100,000,000 20
Imports 270,700,000,000 20
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 408,500,000,000 6
Debt - external 127,400,000,000 44
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 58,400,000,000 51
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 220,800,000,000 21


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 252,200,000,000 (kWh) 18
Electricity - consumption 242,200,000,000 (kWh) 16
Electricity - installed generating capacity 48750000 (kW) 19
Electricity - from fossil fuels 77.2 (% of total installed capacity) 96
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 10.6 (% of total installed capacity) 19
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 5.3 (% of total installed capacity) 126
Electricity - from other renewable sources 6.9 (% of total installed capacity) 31
Crude oil - production 808,700 (bbl/day) 26
Crude oil - imports 794,900 (bbl/day) 14
Crude oil - proved reserves 2800000 (bbl) 98
Refined petroleum products - production 920,200 (bbl/day) 23
Refined petroleum products - consumption 786,100 (bbl/day) 25
Refined petroleum products - exports 255,000 (bbl/day) 25
Refined petroleum products - imports 304,700 (bbl/day) 22
Natural gas - production 330,200,000 (cu m) 74
Natural gas - consumption 16,370,000,000 (cu m) 39
Natural gas - imports 15,900,000,000 (cu m) 20
Natural gas - proved reserves 6,229,000,000 (cu m) 84
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 251,400,000 (Mt) 26


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 16,907,000 17
Telephones - mobile cellular 28,865,000 34
Internet hosts 6,272,000 18
Internet users 16,147,000 24


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 40 105
Railways 1,580 (km) 79
Roadways 41,475 (km) 87
Merchant marine 112 47


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.20 (% of GDP) 63

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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