Tajikistan Flag Icon

Tajikistan Country Guide

Explore Tajikistan in Asia

Tajikistan with the capital city Dushanbe is located in Asia (Central Asia, west of China). It covers some 143,101 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Wisconsin) with 7,211,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Tajikistan

The landscape offers Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape and western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest. The average density of population is approximately 50 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tajikistan can be described as midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters with semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes or floods.

To reach someone in Tajikistan dial +992 prior to a number. There are 290,000 installed telephones. And there are 4,900,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tj". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Tajikistan

Three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe; red represents the sun, victory, and the unity of the nation, white stands for purity, cotton, and mountain snows, while green is the color of Islam and the bounty of nature; the crown symbolizes the Tajik people; the seven stars signify the Tajik magic number "seven" - a symbol of perfection and the embodiment of happiness.

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. Tajikistan endured several domestic security incidents in 2010-12, including a mass prison-break from a Dushanbe detention facility, the country''s first suicide car bombing in Khujand, and armed conflict between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan joined NATO''s Partnership for Peace in 2002, and became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: China, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Capital: Dushanbe
Size 143,100 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 55,251 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Population 7,211,000
Currency Name: Somoni, Currency Code: TJS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tj
Telephone Country Prefix +992
Mobile Phone Connections 4,900,000
Landline Phone Connections 290,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 143,100 (sq km) 96

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 7,910,041 96
Population growth rate 1.79 (%) 67
Birth rate 25.49 (births/1,000 population) 55
Death rate 6.38 (deaths/1,000 population) 153
Net migration rate -1.19 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 150
Maternal mortality rate 65.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 93
Infant mortality rate 36.16 (deaths/1,000 live births) 64
Life expectancy at birth 66.72 (years) 166
Total fertility rate 2.80 (children born/woman) 70
Health expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 109
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.20 (%) 106
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 9,100 101
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 81
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 8.60 (%) 136
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 15.00 (%) 51
Education expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 115


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 18,040,000,000 137
GDP - real growth rate 7.50 (%) 22
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,300 189
Labor force 2,100,000 121
Unemployment rate 2.50 (%) 19
Distribution of family income - Gini index 33 102
Investment (gross fixed) 16.40 (% of GDP) 129
Taxes and other revenues 26.9 (% of GDP) 108
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.30 (% of GDP) 48
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.40 (%) 168
Central bank discount rate 5.00 (%) 69
Commercial bank prime lending rate 26.30 (%) 10
Stock of narrow money 1,213,000,000 143
Stock of broad money 2,000,000,000 149
Stock of domestic credit 1,400,000,000 148
Industrial production growth rate 10.40 (%) 10
Current account balance -401,000,000 90
Exports 1,359,000,000 152
Imports 3,778,000,000 140
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 972,000,000 140
Debt - external 2,200,000,000 142
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,800,000,000 93
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 18,500,000,000 48


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 16,900,000,000 (kWh) 78
Electricity - consumption 15,900,000,000 (kWh) 76
Electricity - exports 1,000,000,000 (kWh) 55
Electricity - imports 300,500,000 (kWh) 82
Electricity - installed generating capacity 4500000 (kW) 76
Electricity - from fossil fuels 9.0 (% of total installed capacity) 196
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 91.0 (% of total installed capacity) 12
Crude oil - production 215 (bbl/day) 100
Crude oil - exports 80 (bbl/day) 71
Crude oil - proved reserves 12000000 (bbl) 90
Refined petroleum products - consumption 45,810 (bbl/day) 103
Refined petroleum products - exports 225 (bbl/day) 119
Refined petroleum products - imports 7,758 (bbl/day) 137
Natural gas - production 40,000,000 (cu m) 85
Natural gas - consumption 172,000,000 (cu m) 102
Natural gas - imports 132,400,000 (cu m) 72
Natural gas - proved reserves 5,663,000,000 (cu m) 91
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 6,678,000 (Mt) 115


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 380,000 106
Telephones - mobile cellular 6,324,000 97
Internet hosts 6,258 142
Internet users 700,000 110


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 24 132
Railways 680 (km) 103
Roadways 27,767 (km) 99
Waterways 200 (km) 99


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 99

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Proto-urban Site of Sarazm
Sarazm, which means “where the land begins”, is an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE. The ruins demonstrate the early de ...
Tajik National Park (Mountains of the Pamirs)
Tajikistan National Park covers more than 2.5 million hectares in the east of the country, at the centre of the so-called “Pamir Knot”, a meeting point of the highest mountain ranges on the Eurasian continent. It consists of high plateaux in the ...