Tanzania Flag Icon

Tanzania Country Guide

Explore Tanzania in Africa

Tanzania with the capital city Dodoma is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean). It covers some 945,088 square kilometres (slightly larger than twice the size of California) with 40,213,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers plains along coast with central plateau and highlands in north, south. The average density of population is approximately 43 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tanzania can be described as varying from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands. Potential threats by nature are flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season or drought.

To reach someone in Tanzania dial +255 prior to a number. There are 173,552 installed telephones. And there are 17,677,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tz".

About the flag and history of Tanzania

Divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue; the banner combines colors found on the flags of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; green represents the natural vegetation of the country, gold its rich mineral deposits, black the native Swahili people, and blue the country's many lakes and rivers, as well as the Indian Ocean.

Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers'' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar''s two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Mozambique, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Zambia, Burundi, Uganda, Malawi
Capital: Dodoma
Size 945,087 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 364,900 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than twice the size of California
Population 40,213,000
Currency Name: Shilling, Currency Code: TZS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tz
Telephone Country Prefix +255
Mobile Phone Connections 17,677,000
Landline Phone Connections 173,552

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 947,300 (sq km) 31

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 48,261,942 27
Population growth rate 2.82 (%) 17
Birth rate 37.25 (births/1,000 population) 17
Death rate 8.41 (deaths/1,000 population) 85
Net migration rate -0.60 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 138
Maternal mortality rate 460.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 23
Infant mortality rate 45.10 (deaths/1,000 live births) 49
Life expectancy at birth 60.76 (years) 190
Total fertility rate 5.01 (children born/woman) 18
Health expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 110
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 5.60 (%) 12
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,400,000 6
HIV/AIDS - deaths 86,000 4
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 5.00 (%) 156
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 16.70 (%) 44
Education expenditures 6.20 (% of GDP) 34
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.8 (%) 114


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 75,070,000,000 85
GDP - real growth rate 6.90 (%) 30
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,600 201
Labor force 24,770,000 27
Distribution of family income - Gini index 38 77
Investment (gross fixed) 26.50 (% of GDP) 39
Taxes and other revenues 21.5 (% of GDP) 152
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.60 (% of GDP) 167
Public debt 34.40 (% of GDP) 104
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 15.30 (%) 213
Central bank discount rate 3.70 (%) 97
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.96 (%) 48
Stock of narrow money 4,964,000,000 101
Stock of broad money 8,285,000,000 113
Stock of domestic credit 6,803,000,000 110
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,264,000,000 105
Industrial production growth rate 7.00 (%) 38
Current account balance -3,946,000,000 157
Exports 5,031,000,000 112
Imports 9,724,000,000 99
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,787,000,000 102
Debt - external 11,180,000,000 94


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 4,489,000,000 (kWh) 121
Electricity - consumption 3,589,000,000 (kWh) 128
Electricity - installed generating capacity 957000 (kW) 124
Electricity - from fossil fuels 39.5 (% of total installed capacity) 170
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 60.5 (% of total installed capacity) 31
Refined petroleum products - consumption 43,310 (bbl/day) 106
Refined petroleum products - imports 32,680 (bbl/day) 86
Natural gas - production 780,000,000 (cu m) 67
Natural gas - consumption 780,000,000 (cu m) 93
Natural gas - proved reserves 6,513,000,000 (cu m) 83
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 7,566,000 (Mt) 109


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 161,100 132
Telephones - mobile cellular 25,666,000 39
Internet hosts 26,074 110
Internet users 678,000 111


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 106 52
Railways 3,689 (km) 45
Roadways 91,049 (km) 51
Merchant marine 94 52


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 136

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Kilimanjaro National Park
At 5,895 m, Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. This volcanic massif stands in splendid isolation above the surrounding plains, with its snowy peak looming over the savannah. The mountain is encircled by mountain forest. Numerous mammals, man ...
Kondoa Rock-Art Sites
On the eastern slopes of the Masai escarpment bordering the Great Rift Valley are natural rock shelters, overhanging slabs of sedimentary rocks fragmented by rift faults, whose vertical planes have been used for rock paintings for at least two millen ...
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area spans vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, savanna woodlands and forests. Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional li ...
Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara
The remains of two great East African ports admired by early European explorers are situated on two small islands near the coast. From the 13th to the 16th century, the merchants of Kilwa dealt in gold, silver, pearls, perfumes, Arabian crockery, Per ...
Selous Game Reserve
Large numbers of elephants, black rhinoceroses, cheetahs, giraffes, hippopotamuses and crocodiles live in this immense sanctuary, which measures 50,000 km2 and is relatively undisturbed by human impact. The park has a variety of vegetation zones, ran ...
Serengeti National Park
The vast plains of the Serengeti comprise 1.5 million ha of savannah. The annual migration to permanent water holes of vast herds of herbivores (wildebeest, gazelles and zebras), followed by their predators, is one of the most impressive natural even ...
Stone Town of Zanzibar
The Stone Town of Zanzibar is a fine example of the Swahili coastal trading towns of East Africa. It retains its urban fabric and townscape virtually intact and contains many fine buildings that reflect its particular culture, which has brought toget ...