Togo Flag Icon

Togo Country Guide

Explore Togo in Africa

Togo with the capital city Lomé is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin). It covers some 56,786 square kilometres (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with 5,858,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Togo

The landscape offers gently rolling savanna in north with central hills, southern plateau and low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes. The average density of population is approximately 103 per km². The notable climate conditions in Togo can be described as tropical with hot, humid in south, semiarid in north. Potential threats by nature are hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Togo dial +228 prior to a number. There are 178,700 installed telephones. And there are 2,187,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Togo

Five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; a white five-pointed star on a red square is in the upper hoist-side corner; the five horizontal stripes stand for the five different regions of the country; the red square is meant to express the loyalty and patriotism of the people; green symbolizes hope, fertility, and agriculture; yellow represents mineral wealth and faith that hard work and strength will bring prosperity; the star symbolizes life, purity, peace, dignity, and Togo's independence
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.

French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler in 1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the facade of multi-party elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature. Upon EYADEMA''s death in February 2005, the military installed the president''s son, Faure GNASSINGBE, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections in October 2007. After years of political unrest and condemnation from international organizations for human rights abuses, Togo is finally being re-welcomed into the international community. In January 2012, Togo assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

National administrative regions of Togo

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Benin, Ghana, Burkina Faso
Capital: Lomé
Size 56,785 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 21,925 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than West Virginia
Population 5,858,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XOF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tg
Telephone Country Prefix +228
Mobile Phone Connections 2,187,000
Landline Phone Connections 178,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 56,785 (sq km) 126

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 7,154,237 100
Population growth rate 2.73 (%) 20
Birth rate 34.90 (births/1,000 population) 26
Death rate 7.60 (deaths/1,000 population) 111
Maternal mortality rate 300.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 39
Infant mortality rate 48.28 (deaths/1,000 live births) 43
Life expectancy at birth 63.62 (years) 178
Total fertility rate 4.58 (children born/woman) 28
Health expenditures 7.70 (% of GDP) 68
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.20 (%) 22
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 120,000 38
HIV/AIDS - deaths 7,700 28
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.30 (%) 169
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 20.50 (%) 32
Education expenditures 4.60 (% of GDP) 91


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 7,024,000,000 161
GDP - real growth rate 5.00 (%) 65
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,100 213
Labor force 2,595,000 111
Investment (gross fixed) 25.40 (% of GDP) 46
Taxes and other revenues 19.8 (% of GDP) 165
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.90 (% of GDP) 135
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.80 (%) 65
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 86
Stock of narrow money 954,500,000 150
Stock of broad money 1,534,000,000 158
Stock of domestic credit 1,119,000,000 154
Industrial production growth rate 2.50 (%) 106
Current account balance -418,400,000 91
Exports 893,800,000 160
Imports 1,492,000,000 170
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 678,000,000 146


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 123,000,000 (kWh) 191
Electricity - consumption 651,000,000 (kWh) 162
Electricity - imports 683,000,000 (kWh) 70
Electricity - installed generating capacity 85000 (kW) 172
Electricity - from fossil fuels 21.2 (% of total installed capacity) 189
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 78.8 (% of total installed capacity) 16
Refined petroleum products - consumption 28,670 (bbl/day) 119
Refined petroleum products - imports 6,829 (bbl/day) 143
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 3,166,000 (Mt) 139


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 240,000 125
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,105,000 126
Internet hosts 1,168 170
Internet users 356,300 123


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 8 162
Railways 568 (km) 110
Roadways 7,520 (km) 146
Waterways 50 (km) 103
Merchant marine 61 65


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.90 (% of GDP) 74

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba
The Koutammakou landscape in north-eastern Togo, which extends into neighbouring Benin, is home to the Batammariba whose remarkable mud tower-houses (Takienta) have come to be seen as a symbol of Togo. In this landscape, nature is strongly associated ...