Tonga Flag Icon

Tonga Country Guide

Explore Tonga in Oceania

Tonga with the capital city Nuku'alofa is located in Oceania (Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 749 square kilometres (four times the size of Washington, DC) with 118,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Tonga

The topography includes most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation with others have limestone overlying volcanic base. The average density of population is approximately 158 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tonga can be described as tropical with modified by trade winds, warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December). Possible natural disasters include cyclones (October to April) or earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou.

To reach someone in Tonga dial +676 prior to a number. There are 31,000 installed telephones. And there are 53,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".to". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Tonga

Red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner; the cross reflects the deep-rooted Christianity in Tonga; red represents the blood of Christ and his sacrifice; white signifies purity.

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

National administrative regions of Tonga

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Nuku'alofa
Size 748 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 289 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
four times the size of Washington, DC
Population 118,000
Currency Name: Pa'anga, Currency Code: TOP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .to
Telephone Country Prefix +676
Mobile Phone Connections 53,000
Landline Phone Connections 31,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 747 (sq km) 190

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 106,322 191
Population growth rate 0.14 (%) 183
Birth rate 24.12 (births/1,000 population) 64
Death rate 4.87 (deaths/1,000 population) 190
Net migration rate -17.87 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 217
Maternal mortality rate 110.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 65
Infant mortality rate 12.78 (deaths/1,000 live births) 127
Life expectancy at birth 75.60 (years) 90
Total fertility rate 3.46 (children born/woman) 48
Health expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 135
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 57.60 (%) 5
Education expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 116
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 11.9 (%) 98


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 801,000,000 208
GDP - real growth rate 1.40 (%) 149
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,700 136
Labor force 39,960 196
Unemployment rate 13.00 (%) 134
Taxes and other revenues 24.2 (% of GDP) 128
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.50 (%) 128
Commercial bank prime lending rate 11.21 (%) 73
Stock of narrow money 67,820,000 185
Stock of broad money 169,200,000 187
Stock of domestic credit 164,200,000 183
Industrial production growth rate 1.00 (%) 132
Current account balance -48,100,000 63
Exports 11,400,000 214
Imports 124,200,000 209
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 118,300,000 163
Debt - external 118,600,000 189


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 41,000,000 (kWh) 208
Electricity - consumption 38,130,000 (kWh) 208
Electricity - installed generating capacity 12000 (kW) 199
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 40
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,221 (bbl/day) 197
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,202 (bbl/day) 190
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 155,000 (Mt) 197


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 30,000 176
Telephones - mobile cellular 55,000 200
Internet hosts 5,367 144
Internet users 8,400 203


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 6 177
Roadways 680 (km) 189
Merchant marine 7 122


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 133

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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