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Trinidad and Tobago Country Guide

Explore Trinidad and Tobago in North America

Trinidad and Tobago with the capital city Port of Spain is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 5,129 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Delaware) with 1,047,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes mostly plains with some hills and low mountains. The average density of population is approximately 204 per km². The notable climate conditions in Trinidad and Tobago can be described as tropical with rainy season (June to December). Possible natural disasters include outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Trinidad and Tobago dial +1-868 prior to a number. There are 314,800 installed telephones. And there are 1,970,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tt". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 115V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Trinidad and Tobago

Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people.

First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands'' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Port of Spain
Size 5,128 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,980 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Delaware
Population 1,047,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: TTD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tt
Telephone Country Prefix +1-868
Mobile Phone Connections 1,970,000
Landline Phone Connections 314,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 5,128 (sq km) 174

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,225,225 158
Population growth rate -0.09 (%) 203
Birth rate 14.07 (births/1,000 population) 143
Death rate 8.42 (deaths/1,000 population) 84
Net migration rate -6.59 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 197
Maternal mortality rate 46.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 112
Infant mortality rate 25.74 (deaths/1,000 live births) 73
Life expectancy at birth 71.96 (years) 137
Total fertility rate 1.71 (children born/woman) 169
Health expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 117
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.50 (%) 35
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 15,000 85
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 79
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.30 (%) 31
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.40 (%) 94
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.5 (%) 105

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 27,140,000,000 115
GDP - real growth rate 0.40 (%) 172
GDP - per capita (PPP) 20,400 70
Labor force 616,500 156
Unemployment rate 6.30 (%) 63
Investment (gross fixed) 15.90 (% of GDP) 133
Taxes and other revenues 30.5 (% of GDP) 89
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.50 (% of GDP) 94
Public debt 46.60 (% of GDP) 74
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.70 (%) 190
Central bank discount rate 7.25 (%) 36
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.99 (%) 117
Stock of narrow money 5,653,000,000 97
Stock of broad money 17,280,000,000 91
Stock of domestic credit 6,417,000,000 113
Market value of publicly traded shares 12,160,000,000 69
Industrial production growth rate 2.10 (%) 112
Current account balance 2,677,000,000 36
Exports 12,720,000,000 84
Imports 9,362,000,000 101
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 10,650,000,000 72
Debt - external 4,780,000,000 119
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 102,000,000,000 39
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 3,829,000,000 66

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 7,271,000,000 (kWh) 103
Electricity - consumption 7,102,000,000 (kWh) 100
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1429000 (kW) 114
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 54
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 85
Crude oil - production 135,900 (bbl/day) 46
Crude oil - exports 55,240 (bbl/day) 45
Crude oil - imports 56,540 (bbl/day) 54
Crude oil - proved reserves 728300000 (bbl) 44
Refined petroleum products - production 165,100 (bbl/day) 62
Refined petroleum products - consumption 41,000 (bbl/day) 107
Refined petroleum products - exports 148,600 (bbl/day) 38
Refined petroleum products - imports 242 (bbl/day) 206
Natural gas - production 42,460,000,000 (cu m) 25
Natural gas - consumption 22,080,000,000 (cu m) 34
Natural gas - exports 20,380,000,000 (cu m) 16
Natural gas - proved reserves 381,100,000,000 (cu m) 36
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 49,930,000 (Mt) 62

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 292,000 117
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,825,000 143
Internet hosts 241,690 69
Internet users 593,000 115

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 5 181
Roadways 8,320 (km) 139
Merchant marine 4 131

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 155

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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