Tuvalu Flag Icon

Tuvalu Country Guide

Explore Tuvalu in Oceania

Tuvalu with the capital city Funafuti is located in Oceania (Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 27 square kilometres (0.1 times the size of Washington, DC) with 12,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers low-lying and narrow coral atolls. The average density of population is approximately 462 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tuvalu can be described as tropical with moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November), westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March). Potential threats by nature are severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones or low level of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level.

To reach someone in Tuvalu dial +688 prior to a number. There are 1,700 installed telephones. And there are 2,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of n, a Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tv". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Tuvalu

Light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow, five-pointed stars on a blue field symbolizing the nine atolls in the ocean.

In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Funafuti
Size 26 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 12,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: AUD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tv
Telephone Country Prefix +688
Mobile Phone Connections 2,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 26 (sq km) 238

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 10,698 224
Population growth rate 0.77 (%) 137
Birth rate 23.56 (births/1,000 population) 70
Death rate 8.97 (deaths/1,000 population) 67
Net migration rate -6.92 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 198
Infant mortality rate 32.61 (deaths/1,000 live births) 67
Life expectancy at birth 65.47 (years) 171
Total fertility rate 3.06 (children born/woman) 56
Health expenditures 17.50 (% of GDP) 3
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.60 (%) 123


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 37,610,000 226
GDP - real growth rate 1.20 (%) 158
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,400 173
Labor force 3,615 224
Taxes and other revenues 58.2 (% of GDP) 9
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.10 (% of GDP) 141
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.80 (%) 106
Current account balance -7,700,000 59
Exports 600,000 219
Imports 16,500,000 221


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,400 219
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,100 216
Internet hosts 145,158 80
Internet users 4,200 206


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 235
Roadways 8 (km) 222
Merchant marine 58 67

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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