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Ukraine Country Guide

Explore Ukraine in Europe

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Ukraine with the capital city Kiev is located in Europe (Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea). It covers some 603,701 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Texas) with 45,994,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south. The average density of population is approximately 76 per km². The notable climate conditions in Ukraine can be described as temperate continental with Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast, precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast, winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland, summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Ukraine dial +380 prior to a number. There are 13,026,000 installed telephones. And there are 55,333,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ua". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Ukraine

Two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grain fields under a blue sky.

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, Ukraine's parliament, the Rada, approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to use of government resources to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Poland, Moldova, Hungary, Slovakia, Belarus, Romania, Russia
Capital: Kiev
Size 603,700 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 233,090 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Texas
Population 45,994,000
Currency Name: Hryvnia, Currency Code: UAH
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ua
Telephone Country Prefix +380
Mobile Phone Connections 55,333,000
Landline Phone Connections 13,026,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 603,550 (sq km) 46

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 44,573,205 30
Population growth rate -0.63 (%) 227
Birth rate 9.52 (births/1,000 population) 201
Death rate 15.75 (deaths/1,000 population) 2
Net migration rate -0.07 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 112
Maternal mortality rate 32.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 122
Infant mortality rate 8.24 (deaths/1,000 live births) 155
Life expectancy at birth 68.93 (years) 158
Total fertility rate 1.29 (children born/woman) 215
Health expenditures 7.70 (% of GDP) 67
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.10 (%) 44
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 350,000 17
HIV/AIDS - deaths 24,000 15
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.30 (%) 89
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 0.90 (%) 131
Education expenditures 5.30 (% of GDP) 64
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 18.6 (%) 67


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 340,700,000,000 39
GDP - real growth rate 0.20 (%) 176
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,500 140
Labor force 22,060,000 30
Unemployment rate 7.40 (%) 83
Distribution of family income - Gini index 28 120
Investment (gross fixed) 19.50 (% of GDP) 107
Taxes and other revenues 30.1 (% of GDP) 92
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.70 (% of GDP) 124
Public debt 38.80 (% of GDP) 94
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.60 (%) 8
Central bank discount rate 11.97 (%) 19
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.95 (%) 35
Stock of narrow money 31,500,000,000 57
Stock of broad money 97,400,000,000 55
Stock of domestic credit 101,600,000,000 52
Market value of publicly traded shares 39,460,000,000 54
Industrial production growth rate 7.60 (%) 30
Current account balance -14,400,000,000 178
Exports 69,800,000,000 51
Imports 90,200,000,000 37
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 24,500,000,000 55
Debt - external 135,000,000,000 40
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 54,360,000,000 52
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 7,348,000,000 58


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 198,100,000,000 (kWh) 23
Electricity - consumption 175,300,000,000 (kWh) 21
Electricity - exports 3,852,000,000 (kWh) 33
Electricity - imports 1,894,000,000 (kWh) 52
Electricity - installed generating capacity 54380000 (kW) 18
Electricity - from fossil fuels 64.4 (% of total installed capacity) 130
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 25.4 (% of total installed capacity) 3
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 10.0 (% of total installed capacity) 115
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 92
Crude oil - production 73,180 (bbl/day) 53
Crude oil - exports 160 (bbl/day) 70
Crude oil - imports 143,600 (bbl/day) 43
Crude oil - proved reserves 395000000 (bbl) 55
Refined petroleum products - production 262,200 (bbl/day) 49
Refined petroleum products - consumption 320,600 (bbl/day) 40
Refined petroleum products - exports 76,140 (bbl/day) 48
Refined petroleum products - imports 148,900 (bbl/day) 38
Natural gas - production 19,360,000,000 (cu m) 35
Natural gas - consumption 53,160,000,000 (cu m) 16
Natural gas - exports 2,600,000,000 (cu m) 37
Natural gas - imports 36,400,000,000 (cu m) 12
Natural gas - proved reserves 1,104,000,000,000 (cu m) 26
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 275,500,000 (Mt) 23


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 12,681,000 19
Telephones - mobile cellular 55,576,000 23
Internet hosts 2,173,000 37
Internet users 7,770,000 38


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 412 21
Railways 21,684 (km) 12
Roadways 169,496 (km) 29
Waterways 1,672 (km) 47
Merchant marine 134 43


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.60 (% of GDP) 91

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Ancient City of Tauric Chersonese and its Chora
The site features the remains of a city founded by Dorian Greeks in the 5th century BC on the northern shores of the Black Sea. It encompasses six component sites with urban remains and agricultural lands divided into several hundreds of chora, recta ...
Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Designed to rival Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, Kiev's Saint-Sophia Cathedral symbolizes the 'new Constantinople', capital of the Christian principality of Kiev, which was created in the 11th century in a region evangelized after the baptism of St ...
L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre
The city of L''viv, founded in the late Middle Ages, was a flourishing administrative, religious and commercial centre for several centuries. The medieval urban topography has been preserved virtually intact (in particular, there is evidence of the d ...
Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans
The Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans represents a masterful synergy of architectural styles built by Czech architect Josef Hlavka from 1864 to 1882. The property, an outstanding example of 19th-century historicist architecture, als ...