United Arab Emirates Flag Icon

United Arab Emirates Country Guide

Explore United Arab Emirates in Asia

United Arab Emirates with the capital city Abu Dhabi is located in Asia (Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf). It covers some 82,881 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maine) with 4,621,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland with mountains in east. The average density of population is approximately 56 per km². The notable climate conditions in United Arab Emirates can be described as desert with cooler in eastern mountains. Possible natural disasters include frequent sand and dust storms.

To reach someone in United Arab Emirates dial +971 prior to a number. There are 1,561,000 installed telephones. And there are 10,672,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ae". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of United Arab Emirates

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side; the flag incorporates all four Pan-Arab colors, which in this case represent fertility (green), neutrality (white), petroleum resources (black), and unity (red); red was the traditional color incorporated into all flags of the emirates before their unification.

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Dhabi, ''Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE''s per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its high oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE''s economy. However, in 2008-09, the confluence of falling oil prices, collapsing real estate prices, and the international banking crisis hit the UAE especially hard. The UAE has essentially avoided the "Arab Spring" unrest seen elsewhere in the Middle East, though in March 2011, political activists and intellectuals signed a petition calling for greater public participation in governance that was widely circulated on the Internet. In an effort to stem potential further unrest, the government announced a multi-year, $1.6-billion infrastructure investment plan for the poorer northern Emirates.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Saudi Arabia, Oman
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Size 82,880 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 32,000 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maine
Population 4,621,000
Currency Name: Dirham, Currency Code: AED
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ae
Telephone Country Prefix +971
Mobile Phone Connections 10,672,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,561,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 644,329 (sq km) 42
Area 83,600 (sq km) 115
Area 77,474 (sq km) 117
Area 444 (sq km) 200
Area 412 (sq km) 203
Area 377 (sq km) 205
Area 360 (sq km) 206
Area 131 (sq km) 223
Area 123 (sq km) 224
Area 55 (sq km) 230
Area 49 (sq km) 233
Area 34 (sq km) 236
Area 22 (sq km) 239
Area 7 (sq km) 244
Area 6 (sq km) 245
Area 5 (sq km) 246
Area 5 (sq km) 247
Area 5 (sq km) 248
Area 3 (sq km) 249

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 11,090,104 76
Population 7,243,007 98
Population 5,473,972 114
Population 1,763,387 151
Population 146,836 188
Population 39,689 212
Population 15,700 221
Population 15,700 222
Population growth rate 3.01 (%) 8
Population growth rate 2.87 (%) 13
Population growth rate 1.51 (%) 78
Population growth rate -0.46 (%) 222
Birth rate 33.27 (births/1,000 population) 32
Birth rate 15.65 (births/1,000 population) 128
Birth rate 13.00 (births/1,000 population) 152
Birth rate 9.15 (births/1,000 population) 205
Death rate 13.77 (deaths/1,000 population) 12
Death rate 8.00 (deaths/1,000 population) 98
Death rate 4.51 (deaths/1,000 population) 199
Death rate 3.15 (deaths/1,000 population) 218
Death rate 2.01 (deaths/1,000 population) 223
Net migration rate 15.04 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 6
Net migration rate 6.63 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 16
Net migration rate 1.27 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 51
Maternal mortality rate 64.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 95
Maternal mortality rate 12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 148
Maternal mortality rate 12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 149
Infant mortality rate 69.97 (deaths/1,000 live births) 18
Infant mortality rate 16.00 (deaths/1,000 live births) 104
Infant mortality rate 11.25 (deaths/1,000 live births) 134
Infant mortality rate 9.05 (deaths/1,000 live births) 151
Infant mortality rate 6.28 (deaths/1,000 live births) 170
Infant mortality rate 4.40 (deaths/1,000 live births) 191
Life expectancy at birth 79.90 (years) 36
Life expectancy at birth 77.61 (years) 63
Life expectancy at birth 76.91 (years) 71
Life expectancy at birth 74.79 (years) 103
Life expectancy at birth 74.40 (years) 111
Total fertility rate 5.54 (children born/woman) 9
Total fertility rate 4.41 (children born/woman) 31
Total fertility rate 2.37 (children born/woman) 91
Total fertility rate 2.09 (children born/woman) 113
Total fertility rate 2.09 (children born/woman) 115
Total fertility rate 1.41 (children born/woman) 202
Health expenditures 10.40 (% of GDP) 26
Health expenditures 3.70 (% of GDP) 172
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.10 (%) 23
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.20 (%) 92
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 155
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 6,400 115
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 150
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 32.70 (%) 22
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.80 (%) 63
Education expenditures 4.70 (% of GDP) 84
Education expenditures 1.10 (% of GDP) 171
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 46.1 (%) 7
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 38.8 (%) 13
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 12.1 (%) 97

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 15,970,000,000,000 1
GDP (purchasing power parity) 275,800,000,000 50
GDP (purchasing power parity) 80,020,000,000 80
GDP (purchasing power parity) 10,620,000,000 153
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,838,000,000 183
GDP (purchasing power parity) 798,300,000 209
GDP - real growth rate 4.00 (%) 78
GDP - real growth rate 3.90 (%) 87
GDP - real growth rate -0.30 (%) 187
GDP - real growth rate -1.80 (%) 207
GDP - real growth rate -53.00 (%) 220
GDP - per capita (PPP) 49,800 15
GDP - per capita (PPP) 35,100 41
GDP - per capita (PPP) 15,400 89
GDP - per capita (PPP) 15,000 91
GDP - per capita (PPP) 10,600 114
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,000 217
Labor force 230,000,000 3
Labor force 4,337,000 88
Labor force 2,860,000 105
Labor force 348,200 162
Labor force 62,040 186
Labor force 23,200 208
Unemployment rate 2.40 (%) 17
Unemployment rate 9.80 (%) 105
Unemployment rate 10.60 (%) 113
Unemployment rate 12.00 (%) 127
Unemployment rate 22.40 (%) 167
Unemployment rate 30.00 (%) 179
Investment (gross fixed) 28.50 (% of GDP) 27
Investment (gross fixed) 18.40 (% of GDP) 114
Investment (gross fixed) 18.10 (% of GDP) 118
Taxes and other revenues 44.6 (% of GDP) 27
Taxes and other revenues 36.3 (% of GDP) 59
Taxes and other revenues 10.8 (% of GDP) 208
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 4.60 (% of GDP) 14
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.90 (% of GDP) 60
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.10 (% of GDP) 176
Public debt 61.50 (% of GDP) 44
Public debt 40.40 (% of GDP) 89
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.10 (%) 11
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.30 (%) 44
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.40 (%) 49
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.50 (%) 96
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.00 (%) 116
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 166
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 79.00 (%) 224
Central bank discount rate 9.50 (%) 28
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 119
Stock of narrow money 6,205,000,000,000 2
Stock of narrow money 80,530,000,000 41
Stock of narrow money 5,790,000,000 95
Stock of broad money 12,270,000,000,000 4
Stock of broad money 234,700,000,000 36
Stock of broad money 19,780,000,000 87
Stock of broad money 6,674,000,000 117
Stock of domestic credit 21,290,000,000,000 2
Stock of domestic credit 313,700,000,000 36
Stock of domestic credit 21,090,000,000 82
Stock of domestic credit 914,900,000 160
Market value of publicly traded shares 10,500,000,000,000 2
Market value of publicly traded shares 104,700,000,000 41
Market value of publicly traded shares 8,365,000,000 75
Industrial production growth rate 3.20 (%) 84
Industrial production growth rate 3.10 (%) 85
Industrial production growth rate -2.90 (%) 158
Current account balance 26,760,000,000 15
Current account balance -3,895,000,000 156
Current account balance -34,490,000,000 185
Exports 2,170,000,000,000 1
Exports 300,600,000,000 21
Exports 11,350,000,000 90
Exports 1,500,000,000 150
Imports 2,397,000,000,000 1
Imports 220,300,000,000 24
Imports 19,010,000,000 79
Imports 2,500,000,000 156
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 863,800,000,000 3
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 43,770,000,000 42
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 15,560,000,000 65
Debt - external 15,500,000,000,000 2
Debt - external 158,900,000,000 35
Debt - external 33,410,000,000 71
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 91,560,000,000 42
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 27,000,000,000 63
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 58,100,000,000 34

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 3,255,000,000,000 (kWh) 4
Electricity - production 83,310,000,000 (kWh) 38
Electricity - production 37,860,000,000 (kWh) 61
Electricity - production 1,167,000,000 (kWh) 144
Electricity - production 304,300,000 (kWh) 170
Electricity - production 51,000 (kWh) 218
Electricity - consumption 3,037,000,000,000 (kWh) 4
Electricity - consumption 74,120,000,000 (kWh) 38
Electricity - consumption 37,370,000,000 (kWh) 55
Electricity - consumption 968,000,000 (kWh) 151
Electricity - consumption 202,000 (kWh) 217
Electricity - exports 1,240,000,000 (kWh) 53
Electricity - imports 1,500,000,000 (kWh) 56
Electricity - imports 193,000 (kWh) 107
Electricity - installed generating capacity 23250000 (kW) 35
Electricity - installed generating capacity 8359000 (kW) 61
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 46
Electricity - from fossil fuels 66.1 (% of total installed capacity) 119
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 26.6 (% of total installed capacity) 83
Crude oil - production 3,087,000 (bbl/day) 8
Crude oil - production 13,160 (bbl/day) 78
Crude oil - exports 2,036,000 (bbl/day) 7
Crude oil - imports 45,000 (bbl/day) 58
Crude oil - proved reserves 97800000000 (bbl) 8
Crude oil - proved reserves 5385000000 (bbl) 23
Crude oil - proved reserves 77500000 (bbl) 78
Refined petroleum products - production 12,190,000 (bbl/day) 3
Refined petroleum products - production 346,900 (bbl/day) 39
Refined petroleum products - production 55,960 (bbl/day) 83
Refined petroleum products - production 531 (bbl/day) 116
Refined petroleum products - consumption 13,250,000 (bbl/day) 3
Refined petroleum products - consumption 572,100 (bbl/day) 32
Refined petroleum products - consumption 81,440 (bbl/day) 85
Refined petroleum products - consumption 72,000 (bbl/day) 91
Refined petroleum products - exports 2,196,000 (bbl/day) 3
Refined petroleum products - exports 452,400 (bbl/day) 17
Refined petroleum products - exports 211,100 (bbl/day) 31
Refined petroleum products - exports 3,981 (bbl/day) 99
Refined petroleum products - imports 8,613,000 (bbl/day) 2
Refined petroleum products - imports 377,300 (bbl/day) 17
Refined petroleum products - imports 291,700 (bbl/day) 24
Refined petroleum products - imports 27,330 (bbl/day) 90
Natural gas - production 167,100,000,000 (cu m) 4
Natural gas - production 51,280,000,000 (cu m) 19
Natural gas - production 557,000,000 (cu m) 71
Natural gas - consumption 459,800,000,000 (cu m) 4
Natural gas - consumption 60,540,000,000 (cu m) 14
Natural gas - consumption 2,840,000,000 (cu m) 75
Natural gas - exports 93,750,000,000 (cu m) 5
Natural gas - exports 7,650,000,000 (cu m) 27
Natural gas - imports 420,600,000,000 (cu m) 2
Natural gas - imports 16,910,000,000 (cu m) 18
Natural gas - imports 2,610,000,000 (cu m) 46
Natural gas - proved reserves 6,089,000,000,000 (cu m) 8
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,008,000,000,000 (cu m) 18
Natural gas - proved reserves 48,140,000,000 (cu m) 68
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 199,400,000 (Mt) 27
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 49,920,000 (Mt) 63

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 3,030,000 51
Telephones - main lines in use 1,825,000 61
Telephones - main lines in use 337,000 113
Telephones - mobile cellular 11,727,000 66
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,182,000 74
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,405,000 131
Internet hosts 1,102,000 44
Internet hosts 337,804 61
Internet hosts 7,764 139
Internet hosts 102 209
Internet hosts 53 215
Internet hosts 6 231
Internet users 4,107,000 57
Internet users 3,449,000 61
Internet users 1,379,000 87

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 84 67
Airports 42 101
Airports 30 115
Airports 23 133
Airports 4 187
Airports 4 191
Airports 1 211
Airports 1 218
Airports 1 222
Airports 1 230
Airports 1 233
Roadways 41,913 (km) 86
Roadways 4,080 (km) 157
Roadways 550 (km) 192
Roadways 53 (km) 218
Merchant marine 61 66

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 6.40 (% of GDP) 9

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since