Uzbekistan Flag Icon

Uzbekistan Country Guide

Explore Uzbekistan in Asia

Uzbekistan with the capital city Tashkent is located in Asia (Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan). It covers some 447,401 square kilometres (slightly larger than California) with 28,268,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Uzbekistan

The topography includes mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes with broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon, Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and shrinking Aral Sea in west. The average density of population is approximately 63 per km². The notable climate conditions in Uzbekistan can be described as mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters with semiarid grassland in east. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Uzbekistan dial +998 prior to a number. There are 1,857,000 installed telephones. And there are 16,418,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".uz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Uzbekistan

Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and green separated by red fimbriations with a white crescent moon (closed side to the hoist) and 12 white stars shifted to the hoist on the top band; blue is the color of the Turkic peoples and of the sky, white signifies peace and the striving for purity in thoughts and deeds, while green represents nature and is the color of Islam; the red stripes are the vital force of all living organisms that links good and pure ideas with the eternal sky and with deeds on earth; the crescent represents Islam and the 12 stars the months and constellations of the Uzbek calendar.

Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on the cotton monoculture by diversifying agricultural production while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves and increasing its manufacturing base. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan
Capital: Tashkent
Size 447,400 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 172,742 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than California
Population 28,268,000
Currency Name: Som, Currency Code: UZS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .uz
Telephone Country Prefix +998
Mobile Phone Connections 16,418,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,857,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 447,400 (sq km) 57

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 28,661,637 44
Population growth rate 0.94 (%) 121
Birth rate 17.20 (births/1,000 population) 110
Death rate 5.29 (deaths/1,000 population) 179
Net migration rate -2.55 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 170
Maternal mortality rate 28.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 126
Infant mortality rate 20.51 (deaths/1,000 live births) 91
Life expectancy at birth 73.03 (years) 125
Total fertility rate 1.83 (children born/woman) 150
Health expenditures 5.30 (% of GDP) 127
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 109
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 28,000 69
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 97
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 15.10 (%) 119
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.40 (%) 95


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 106,400,000,000 71
GDP - real growth rate 8.20 (%) 18
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,600 171
Labor force 16,800,000 37
Unemployment rate 4.80 (%) 44
Distribution of family income - Gini index 37 79
Taxes and other revenues 32.0 (% of GDP) 84
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.20 (% of GDP) 47
Public debt 8.80 (% of GDP) 143
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 12.70 (%) 207
Stock of narrow money 5,952,000,000 92
Stock of broad money 8,310,000,000 112
Stock of domestic credit 7,269,000,000 108
Market value of publicly traded shares 715,300,000 109
Industrial production growth rate 7.70 (%) 29
Current account balance 3,284,000,000 33
Exports 16,650,000,000 79
Imports 15,530,000,000 87
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 16,000,000,000 63
Debt - external 10,460,000,000 95


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 52,530,000,000 (kWh) 50
Electricity - consumption 42,900,000,000 (kWh) 52
Electricity - exports 11,660,000,000 (kWh) 19
Electricity - imports 11,580,000,000 (kWh) 17
Electricity - installed generating capacity 12400000 (kW) 49
Electricity - from fossil fuels 85.2 (% of total installed capacity) 86
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 14.8 (% of total installed capacity) 105
Crude oil - production 104,400 (bbl/day) 49
Crude oil - imports 5,000 (bbl/day) 81
Crude oil - proved reserves 594000000 (bbl) 48
Refined petroleum products - production 90,690 (bbl/day) 77
Refined petroleum products - consumption 137,100 (bbl/day) 72
Refined petroleum products - exports 5,488 (bbl/day) 96
Natural gas - production 62,900,000,000 (cu m) 15
Natural gas - consumption 46,800,000,000 (cu m) 18
Natural gas - exports 13,400,000,000 (cu m) 20
Natural gas - proved reserves 1,841,000,000,000 (cu m) 20
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 114,300,000 (Mt) 37


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,928,000 59
Telephones - mobile cellular 25,442,000 40
Internet hosts 56,075 94
Internet users 4,689,000 50


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 53 87
Railways 3,645 (km) 47
Roadways 86,496 (km) 52
Waterways 1,100 (km) 63


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.50 (% of GDP) 34

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Historic Centre of Bukhara
Bukhara, which is situated on the Silk Route, is more than 2,000 years old. It is the most complete example of a medieval city in Central Asia, with an urban fabric that has remained largely intact. Monuments of particular interest include the famous ...
Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz
The historic centre of Shakhrisyabz contains a collection of exceptional monuments and ancient quarters which bear witness to the city's secular development, and particularly to the period of its apogee, under the rule of Amir Temur and the Temurids, ...
Itchan Kala
Itchan Kala is the inner town (protected by brick walls some 10 m high) of the old Khiva oasis, which was the last resting-place of caravans before crossing the desert to Iran. Although few very old monuments still remain, it is a coherent and well-p ...
Samarkand – Crossroad of Cultures
The historic town of Samarkand is a crossroad and melting pot of the world's cultures. Founded in the 7th century B.C. as ancient Afrasiab, Samarkand had its most significant development in the Timurid period from the 14th to the 15th centuries. The ...