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Vatican Country Guide

Explore Vatican in Europe

Vatican with the capital city Vatican is located in Europe. It covers some 1 square kilometres with 921 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The average density of population is approximately 2,093 per km².

To reach someone in Vatican dial +379 prior to a number. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".va".

About the flag and history of Vatican

Two vertical bands of yellow (hoist side) and white with the arms of the Holy See, consisting of the crossed keys of Saint Peter surmounted by the three-tiered papal tiara, centered in the white band; the yellow color represents the pope's spiritual power, the white his worldly power.

Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, threats against minority Christian communities in Africa and the Middle East, international development, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1.2 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith.

National administrative regions of Vatican


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Italy
Capital: Vatican
Size 0 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 0 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
Population 921
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .va
Telephone Country Prefix +379
Mobile Phone Connections 0
Landline Phone Connections 0

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 839 237

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
Labor force 2,832 227

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Internet hosts 107 208

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to ...
1980
Vatican City
The Vatican City, one of the most sacred places in Christendom, attests to a great history and a formidable spiritual venture. A unique collection of artistic and architectural masterpieces lie within the boundaries of this small state. At its centre ...
1984