Zambia Flag Icon

Zambia Country Guide

Explore Zambia in Africa

Zambia with the capital city Lusaka is located in Africa (Southern Africa, east of Angola). It covers some 752,615 square kilometres (slightly larger than Texas) with 11,669,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Zambia

The landscape offers mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains. The average density of population is approximately 16 per km². The notable climate conditions in Zambia can be described as tropical with modified by altitude, rainy season (October to April). Potential threats by nature are periodic drought or tropical storms (November to April).

To reach someone in Zambia dial +260 prior to a number. There are 90,300 installed telephones. And there are 4,407,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".zm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Zambia

Green field with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag; green stands for the country's natural resources and vegetation, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black the people of Zambia, and orange the country's mineral wealth; the eagle represents the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, economic mismanagement and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his vice president, Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential byelection in October 2008. Michael SATA was elected president in September 2011.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Mozambique, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Malawi, Angola
Capital: Lusaka
Size 752,614 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 290,586 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Texas
Population 11,669,000
Currency Name: Kwacha, Currency Code: ZMK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .zm
Telephone Country Prefix +260
Mobile Phone Connections 4,407,000
Landline Phone Connections 90,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 752,618 (sq km) 39

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 14,222,233 70
Population growth rate 2.89 (%) 12
Birth rate 42.79 (births/1,000 population) 5
Death rate 13.17 (deaths/1,000 population) 19
Net migration rate -0.75 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 143
Maternal mortality rate 440.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 25
Infant mortality rate 68.58 (deaths/1,000 live births) 19
Life expectancy at birth 51.51 (years) 216
Total fertility rate 5.81 (children born/woman) 7
Health expenditures 5.90 (% of GDP) 113
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 13.50 (%) 6
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 980,000 11
HIV/AIDS - deaths 45,000 10
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 3.60 (%) 174
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 14.90 (%) 52
Education expenditures 1.40 (% of GDP) 168
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 23.4 (%) 41


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 24,360,000,000 124
GDP - real growth rate 7.30 (%) 24
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,700 200
Labor force 5,839,000 68
Unemployment rate 14.00 (%) 139
Distribution of family income - Gini index 51 19
Investment (gross fixed) 20.50 (% of GDP) 90
Taxes and other revenues 19.9 (% of GDP) 164
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.20 (% of GDP) 177
Public debt 31.20 (% of GDP) 111
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.50 (%) 171
Central bank discount rate 14.49 (%) 12
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.84 (%) 20
Stock of narrow money 1,919,000,000 127
Stock of broad money 4,906,000,000 129
Stock of domestic credit 3,956,000,000 122
Market value of publicly traded shares 2,817,000,000 92
Industrial production growth rate 8.80 (%) 19
Current account balance -1,048,000,000 113
Exports 8,346,000,000 99
Imports 7,279,000,000 110
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,616,000,000 115
Debt - external 5,445,000,000 112


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 10,200,000,000 (kWh) 93
Electricity - consumption 7,704,000,000 (kWh) 97
Electricity - exports 110,000,000 (kWh) 70
Electricity - imports 33,000,000 (kWh) 102
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1679000 (kW) 110
Electricity - from fossil fuels 0.4 (% of total installed capacity) 206
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 99.6 (% of total installed capacity) 4
Crude oil - imports 10,790 (bbl/day) 77
Refined petroleum products - production 9,664 (bbl/day) 106
Refined petroleum products - consumption 19,260 (bbl/day) 131
Refined petroleum products - exports 21 (bbl/day) 122
Refined petroleum products - imports 17,570 (bbl/day) 109
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,416,000 (Mt) 147


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 85,700 149
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,165,000 87
Internet hosts 16,571 122
Internet users 816,200 105


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 88 65
Railways 2,157 (km) 69
Roadways 91,440 (km) 50
Waterways 2,250 (km) 39


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.80 (% of GDP) 82

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls
These are among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The Zambezi River, which is more than 2 km wide at this point, plunges noisily down a series of basalt gorges and raises an iridescent mist that can be seen more than 20 km away. ...