Swaziland Flag Icon

Swaziland Country Guide

Explore Swaziland in Africa

Swaziland with the capital city Mbabane is located in Africa (Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa). It covers some 17,364 square kilometres (slightly smaller than New Jersey) with 1,128,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Swaziland

The terrain features mostly mountains and hills having some moderately sloping plains. The average density of population is approximately 65 per km². The notable climate conditions in Swaziland can be described as varying from tropical to near temperate. Potential natural disasters are drought.

To reach someone in Swaziland dial +268 prior to a number. There are 44,000 installed telephones. And there are 656,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Swaziland

Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally; blue stands for peace and stability, red represents past struggles, and yellow the mineral resources of the country; the shield, spears, and staff symbolize protection from the country's enemies, while the black and white of the shield are meant to portray black and white people living in peaceful coexistence.

Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, Africa's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal status of political parties remains unclear. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world''s highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.

National administrative regions of Swaziland

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: South Africa, Mozambique
Capital: Mbabane
Size 17,363 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 6,704 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Population 1,128,000
Currency Name: Lilangeni, Currency Code: SZL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sz
Telephone Country Prefix +268
Mobile Phone Connections 656,000
Landline Phone Connections 44,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 17,364 (sq km) 159

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,403,362 154
Population growth rate 1.17 (%) 98
Birth rate 25.68 (births/1,000 population) 53
Death rate 13.95 (deaths/1,000 population) 11
Maternal mortality rate 320.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 35
Infant mortality rate 57.19 (deaths/1,000 live births) 32
Life expectancy at birth 50.01 (years) 220
Total fertility rate 2.96 (children born/woman) 61
Health expenditures 6.60 (% of GDP) 95
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 25.90 (%) 1
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 180,000 29
HIV/AIDS - deaths 7,000 31
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.70 (%) 98
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 6.10 (%) 81
Education expenditures 8.20 (% of GDP) 11


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 6,345,000,000 163
GDP - real growth rate -1.50 (%) 203
GDP - per capita (PPP) 5,900 151
Labor force 457,900 157
Unemployment rate 40.00 (%) 188
Distribution of family income - Gini index 50 20
Investment (gross fixed) 14.20 (% of GDP) 139
Taxes and other revenues 38.6 (% of GDP) 49
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.30 (% of GDP) 50
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.40 (%) 186
Central bank discount rate 6.50 (%) 45
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.00 (%) 100
Stock of narrow money 335,800,000 168
Stock of broad money 1,106,000,000 168
Stock of domestic credit 960,000,000 159
Market value of publicly traded shares 199,900,000 113
Industrial production growth rate 1.00 (%) 133
Current account balance -3,800,000 58
Exports 1,985,000,000 143
Imports 2,111,000,000 163
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 752,300,000 145
Debt - external 737,300,000 166


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 450,000,000 (kWh) 164
Electricity - consumption 1,175,000,000 (kWh) 149
Electricity - imports 597,000,000 (kWh) 73
Electricity - installed generating capacity 130000 (kW) 165
Electricity - from fossil fuels 67.7 (% of total installed capacity) 113
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 32.3 (% of total installed capacity) 69
Refined petroleum products - consumption 4,567 (bbl/day) 172
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,898 (bbl/day) 157
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,113,000 (Mt) 165


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 75,800 153
Telephones - mobile cellular 766,500 158
Internet hosts 2,744 158
Internet users 90,100 162


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 15 146
Railways 301 (km) 120
Roadways 3,594 (km) 160


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.60 (% of GDP) 52

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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