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Anguilla Country Guide

Explore Anguilla in North America

Anguilla with the capital city The Valley is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 102 square kilometres (about one-half the size of Washington, DC) with 13,254 citizens.

Interactive map of Anguilla

The landscape offers flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone. The average density of population is approximately 130 per km². The notable climate conditions in Anguilla can be described as tropical with moderated by northeast trade winds. Potential threats by nature are frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October).

To reach someone in Anguilla dial +1-264 prior to a number. There are 6,300 installed telephones. And there are 27,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850/1900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ai". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 110V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Anguilla

Anguilla Flag Icon

Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength.

Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

National administrative regions of Anguilla

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: North America
Capital: The Valley
Size102 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 39 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about one-half the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:XCD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ai
Telephone Country Prefix+1-264
Mobile Phone Connections27,000
Landline Phone Connections6,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area91 (sq km)227

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population15,754 220
Population growth rate2.11 (%)46
Birth rate12.82 (births/1,000 population)154
Death rate4.44 (deaths/1,000 population)202
Net migration rate12.70 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)10
Infant mortality rate3.42 (deaths/1,000 live births)212
Life expectancy at birth81.09 (years)20
Total fertility rate1.75 (children born/woman)165
Education expenditures3.50 (% of GDP)128


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)175,400,000 221
GDP - real growth rate-8.50 (%)219
GDP - per capita (PPP)12,200 105
Labor force6,049 220
Unemployment rate8.00 (%)90
Taxes and other revenues13.00 (% of GDP)200
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)0.20 (% of GDP)38
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.50 (%)126
Central bank discount rate6.50 (%)52
Commercial bank prime lending rate9.29 (%)95
Stock of narrow money18,200,000 189
Stock of broad money383,300,000 184
Stock of domestic credit514,700,000 170
Current account balance-68,370,000 66
Exports12,650,000 211
Imports138,600,000 207
Debt - external8,800,000 198


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use6,200 207
Telephones - mobile cellular26,000 208
Internet hosts269 193
Internet users3,700 208


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports3 197
Roadways175 (km)210

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites