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Bangladesh Country Guide

Explore Bangladesh in Asia

Bangladesh with the capital city Dhaka is located in Asia (Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal). It covers some 144,000 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Iowa) with 153,546,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Bangladesh

The terrain features mostly flat alluvial plain with hilly in southeast. The average density of population is approximately 1,066 per km². The notable climate conditions in Bangladesh can be described as tropical with mild winter (October to March), hot, humid summer (March to June) and humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October). Potential natural disasters are droughts or cyclones or much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season.

To reach someone in Bangladesh dial +880 prior to a number. There are 1,522,000 installed telephones. And there are 50,400,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bd". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Bangladesh

Bangladesh Flag Icon

Green field with a large red disk shifted slightly to the hoist side of center; the red disk represents the rising sun and the sacrifice to achieve independence; the green field symbolizes the lush vegetation of Bangladesh.

Muslim conversions and settlement in the region now referred to as Bangladesh began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the eastern half, became part of British India. Partition in 1947 resulted in an eastern wing of Pakistan in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won independence for Bangladesh in 1971, although at least 300,000 civilians died in the process. The post-independence, AL government faced daunting challenges and in 1975 was overthrown by the military, triggering a series of military coups that resulted in a military-backed government and subsequent creation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). That government also ended in a coup in 1981, followed by military-backed rule until democratic elections in 1991. The BNP and AL have alternately held power since then, with the exception of a military-backed, emergency caretaker regime that suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. That government returned the country to fully democratic rule in December 2008 with the election of the AL and Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA. With the help of international development assistance, Bangladesh has made great progress in food security since independence, and the economy has grown at an average of about 6 percent over the last two decades.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Neighbours: Myanmar, India
Capital: Dhaka
Size144,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 55,598 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Iowa
CurrencyName Taka, Currency Code:BDT
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).bd
Telephone Country Prefix+880
Mobile Phone Connections50,400,000
Landline Phone Connections1,522,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area143,998 (sq km)95

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population163,654,860 8
Population growth rate1.59 (%)75
Birth rate22.07 (births/1,000 population)75
Death rate5.67 (deaths/1,000 population)172
Net migration rate-0.52 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)135
Maternal mortality rate240.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)45
Infant mortality rate47.30 (deaths/1,000 live births)45
Life expectancy at birth70.36 (years)150
Total fertility rate2.50 (children born/woman)83
Health expenditures3.50 (% of GDP)176
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)116
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,300 116
HIV/AIDS - deaths200 114
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.10 (%)190
Children under the age of 5 years underweight41.30 (%)4
Education expenditures2.20 (% of GDP)163
Unemployment, youth ages 15-249.30 (%)112


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)311,000,000,000 44
GDP - real growth rate6.10 (%)46
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,100 192
Labor force77,000,000 7
Unemployment rate5.00 (%)46
Distribution of family income - Gini index33.20 98
Investment (gross fixed)25.10 (% of GDP)51
Taxes and other revenues11.40 (% of GDP)206
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-4.60 (% of GDP)151
Public debt32.00 (% of GDP)109
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.80 (%)191
Central bank discount rate5.00 (%)70
Commercial bank prime lending rate13.25 (%)63
Stock of narrow money14,100,000,000 69
Stock of broad money66,840,000,000 64
Stock of domestic credit80,810,000,000 58
Market value of publicly traded shares15,680,000,000 66
Industrial production growth rate7.40 (%)34
Current account balance-941,900,000 109
Exports25,790,000,000 70
Imports35,060,000,000 63
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold10,190,000,000 73
Debt - external36,210,000,000 68
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home7,849,000,000 85
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad93,900,000 84


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production35,700,000,000 (kWh)63
Electricity - consumption34,830,000,000 (kWh)58
Electricity - installed generating capacity5,819,000 (kW)71
Electricity - from fossil fuels95.80 (% of total installed capacity)67
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants4.00 (% of total installed capacity)127
Electricity - from other renewable sources0.30 (% of total installed capacity)84
Crude oil - production5,200 (bbl/day)90
Crude oil - imports26,460 (bbl/day)66
Crude oil - proved reserves28,000,000 (bbl)85
Refined petroleum products - production24,790 (bbl/day)94
Refined petroleum products - consumption108,900 (bbl/day)75
Refined petroleum products - exports2,928 (bbl/day)102
Refined petroleum products - imports77,340 (bbl/day)54
Natural gas - production20,130,000,000 (cu m)34
Natural gas - consumption20,130,000,000 (cu m)37
Natural gas - proved reserves183,700,000,000 (cu m)47
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy56,740,000 (Mt)57


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use977,700 79
Telephones - mobile cellular84,369,000 15
Internet hosts71,164 87
Internet users617,300 112


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports18 138
Railways2,622 (km)64
Roadways21,269 (km)105
Waterways8,370 (km)17
Merchant marine62 64


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.40 (% of GDP)106

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat
Situated in the suburbs of Bagerhat, at the meeting-point of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, this ancient city, formerly known as Khalifatabad, was founded by the Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan in the 15th century. The city’s infrastructure reve ...
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
Evidence of the rise of Mahayana Buddhism in Bengal from the 7th century onwards, Somapura Mahavira, or the Great Monastery, was a renowned intellectual centre until the 12th century. Its layout perfectly adapted to its religious function, this monas ...
The Sundarbans
The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 ha), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is adjacent to the border of India’s Sundarbans World Heritage site ins ...