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Liechtenstein Country Guide

Explore Liechtenstein in Europe

Liechtenstein with the capital city Vaduz is located in Europe (Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland). It covers some 160 square kilometres (about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC) with 34,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Liechtenstein

The terrain features mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third. The average density of population is approximately 213 per km². The notable climate conditions in Liechtenstein can be described as continental with cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain and cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers. Potential natural disasters are NA.

To reach someone in Liechtenstein dial +423 prior to a number. There are 19,600 installed telephones. And there are 35,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".li". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein Flag Icon

Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band; the colors may derive from the blue and red livery design used in the principality's household in the 18th century; the prince's crown was introduced in 1937 to distinguish the flag from that of Haiti.

The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic Wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: Switzerland, Austria
Capital: Vaduz
Size160 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 61 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Franc, Currency Code:CHF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).li
Telephone Country Prefix+423
Mobile Phone Connections35,000
Landline Phone Connections19,600

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area160 (sq km)219

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population37,009 213
Population growth rate0.81 (%)134
Birth rate10.67 (births/1,000 population)182
Death rate6.89 (deaths/1,000 population)134
Net migration rate4.35 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)25
Infant mortality rate4.36 (deaths/1,000 live births)192
Life expectancy at birth81.59 (years)12
Total fertility rate1.69 (children born/woman)171
Education expenditures2.10 (% of GDP)165


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)3,200,000,000 179
GDP - real growth rate-0.50 (%)191
GDP - per capita (PPP)89,400 2
Labor force35,250 202
Unemployment rate2.50 (%)20
Taxes and other revenues25.20 (% of GDP)120
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-1.60 (% of GDP)78
Inflation rate (consumer prices)0.20 (%)6
Exports3,760,000,000 125
Imports2,218,000,000 160


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use19,600 191
Telephones - mobile cellular37,000 203
Internet hosts14,278 128
Internet users23,000 189


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Railways9 (km)134
Roadways380 (km)201
Waterways28 (km)106

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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