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Monaco Country Guide

Explore Monaco in Europe

Monaco with the capital city Monaco is located in Europe (Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France). It covers some 1 square kilometres (about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC) with 32,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Monaco

The landscape offers hilly, rugged, rocky. The average density of population is approximately 16,410 per km². The notable climate conditions in Monaco can be described as Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Monaco dial +377 prior to a number. There are 35,400 installed telephones. And there are 23,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mc". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Monaco

Monaco Flag Icon

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors are those of the ruling House of Grimaldi and have been in use since 1339, making the flag one of the world's oldest national banners note: similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red.

The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but were not able to permanently secure their holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

National administrative regions of Monaco

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: France
Capital: Monaco
Size1 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 0 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
CurrencyName Euro, Currency Code:EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).mc
Telephone Country Prefix+377
Mobile Phone Connections23,000
Landline Phone Connections35,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area2 (sq km)250

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population30,500 217
Birth rate6.79 (births/1,000 population)223
Death rate8.75 (deaths/1,000 population)73
Net migration rate1.93 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)43
Infant mortality rate1.81 (deaths/1,000 live births)224
Life expectancy at birth89.63 (years)1
Total fertility rate1.51 (children born/woman)188
Health expenditures4.30 (% of GDP)161
Education expenditures1.20 (% of GDP)170
Unemployment, youth ages 15-246.90 (%)127


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)5,748,000,000 166
GDP - real growth rate5.10 (%)59
GDP - per capita (PPP)70,700 6
Labor force50,580 191
Taxes and other revenues19.60 (% of GDP)166
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-1.30 (% of GDP)66
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.50 (%)25
Exports865,600,000 161
Imports848,900,000 181


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use44,500 166
Telephones - mobile cellular31,800 206
Internet hosts26,009 111
Internet users23,000 191


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Roadways77 (km)217
Merchant marine64 63

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites