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Nauru Country Guide

Explore Nauru in Oceania

Nauru with the capital city Yaren is located in Oceania (Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 21 square kilometres (about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC) with 13,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Nauru

The terrain features sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center. The average density of population is approximately 619 per km². The notable climate conditions in Nauru can be described as tropical with a monsoonal pattern with rainy season (November to February). Potential natural disasters are periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Nauru dial +674 prior to a number. There are 1,900 installed telephones. And there are 1,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".nr". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Nauru

Nauru Flag Icon

Blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; blue stands for the Pacific Ocean, the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru.

The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific region. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world''s smallest independent republic.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Oceania
Capital: Yaren
Size21 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 8 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:AUD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).nr
Telephone Country Prefix+674
Mobile Phone Connections1,500
Landline Phone Connections1,900

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area21 (sq km)240

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population9,434 226
Population growth rate0.58 (%)145
Birth rate26.39 (births/1,000 population)48
Death rate5.94 (deaths/1,000 population)165
Net migration rate-14.63 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)215
Infant mortality rate8.36 (deaths/1,000 live births)154
Life expectancy at birth66.05 (years)169
Total fertility rate2.98 (children born/woman)59
Health expenditures11.20 (% of GDP)17
Obesity - adult prevalence rate71.10 (%)2
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.80 (%)90


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)60,000,000 223
GDP - per capita (PPP)5,000 160
Unemployment rate90.00 (%)201
Exports64,000 221
Imports20,000,000 220
Debt - external33,300,000 195


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production33,000,000 (kWh)209
Electricity - consumption30,690,000 (kWh)209
Electricity - installed generating capacity11,000 (kW)201
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)30
Refined petroleum products - consumption1,000 (bbl/day)201
Refined petroleum products - imports1,044 (bbl/day)192
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy219,700 (Mt)196


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use1,900 218
Telephones - mobile cellular6,700 212
Internet hosts8,162 138


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports1 229
Roadways24 (km)220

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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