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Nigeria Country Guide

Explore Nigeria in Africa

Nigeria with the capital city Abuja is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 923,768 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of California) with 138,283,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Nigeria

The topography includes southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus with mountains in southeast, plains in north. The average density of population is approximately 150 per km². The notable climate conditions in Nigeria can be described as varies with equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north. Possible natural disasters include periodic droughts or flooding.

To reach someone in Nigeria dial +234 prior to a number. There are 1,419,000 installed telephones. And there are 73,099,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ng". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Nigeria

Nigeria Flag Icon

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity.

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country''s history.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: Chad, Niger, Benin, Cameroon
Capital: Abuja
Size923,768 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 356,668 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than twice the size of California
CurrencyName Naira, Currency Code:NGN
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ng
Telephone Country Prefix+234
Mobile Phone Connections73,099,000
Landline Phone Connections1,419,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area923,768 (sq km)32

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population174,507,539 7
Population growth rate2.54 (%)28
Birth rate38.78 (births/1,000 population)13
Death rate13.20 (deaths/1,000 population)18
Net migration rate-0.22 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)118
Maternal mortality rate630.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)10
Infant mortality rate72.97 (deaths/1,000 live births)15
Life expectancy at birth52.46 (years)211
Total fertility rate5.31 (children born/woman)13
Health expenditures5.10 (% of GDP)139
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.60 (%)17
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,300,000 2
HIV/AIDS - deaths220,000 2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.50 (%)146
Children under the age of 5 years underweight26.70 (%)23


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)455,500,000,000 31
GDP - real growth rate6.30 (%)40
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,800 180
Labor force53,830,000 11
Unemployment rate23.90 (%)171
Distribution of family income - Gini index43.70 47
Investment (gross fixed)18.80 (% of GDP)112
Taxes and other revenues8.70 (% of GDP)211
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-3.00 (% of GDP)109
Public debt18.80 (% of GDP)128
Inflation rate (consumer prices)12.10 (%)205
Central bank discount rate6.00 (%)61
Commercial bank prime lending rate16.02 (%)33
Stock of narrow money40,660,000,000 51
Stock of broad money80,100,000,000 57
Stock of domestic credit95,200,000,000 53
Market value of publicly traded shares50,880,000,000 51
Industrial production growth rate2.50 (%)104
Current account balance6,158,000,000 29
Exports97,460,000,000 41
Imports70,580,000,000 43
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold42,800,000,000 44
Debt - external10,100,000,000 96
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home85,730,000,000 43
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad11,230,000,000 52


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production18,820,000,000 (kWh)75
Electricity - consumption17,660,000,000 (kWh)71
Electricity - installed generating capacity5,898,000 (kW)70
Electricity - from fossil fuels67.10 (% of total installed capacity)116
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants32.90 (% of total installed capacity)66
Crude oil - production2,525,000 (bbl/day)13
Crude oil - exports2,051,000 (bbl/day)6
Crude oil - proved reserves38,500,000,000 (bbl)11
Refined petroleum products - production102,100 (bbl/day)76
Refined petroleum products - consumption271,600 (bbl/day)47
Refined petroleum products - exports15,470 (bbl/day)79
Refined petroleum products - imports133,400 (bbl/day)42
Natural gas - production29,000,000,000 (cu m)30
Natural gas - consumption4,970,000,000 (cu m)61
Natural gas - exports24,020,000,000 (cu m)15
Natural gas - proved reserves5,110,000,000,000 (cu m)10
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy80,510,000 (Mt)44


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use719,400 89
Telephones - mobile cellular95,167,000 12
Internet hosts1,234 169
Internet users43,989,000 9


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports53 89
Railways3,505 (km)49
Roadways193,200 (km)25
Waterways8,600 (km)15
Merchant marine89 54


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures0.90 (% of GDP)140

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
The dense forest of the Osun Sacred Grove, on the outskirts of the city of Osogbo, is one of the last remnants of primary high forest in southern Nigeria. Regarded as the abode of the goddess of fertility Osun, one of the pantheon of Yoruba gods, the ...
Sukur Cultural Landscape
The Sukur Cultural Landscape, with the Palace of the Hidi (Chief) on a hill dominating the villages below, the terraced fields and their sacred symbols, and the extensive remains of a former flourishing iron industry, is a remarkably intact physical ...