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Qatar Country Guide

Explore Qatar in Asia

Qatar with the capital city Doha is located in Asia (Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia). It covers some 11,437 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 928,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Qatar

The landscape offers mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel. The average density of population is approximately 81 per km². The notable climate conditions in Qatar can be described as arid with mild, pleasant winters and very hot, humid summers. Potential threats by nature are haze, dust storms, sandstorms common.

To reach someone in Qatar dial +974 prior to a number. There are 285,300 installed telephones. And there are 2,472,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".qa". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Qatar

Qatar Flag Icon

Maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side; maroon represents the blood shed in Qatari wars, white stands for peace; the nine-pointed serrated edge signifies Qatar as the ninth member of the "reconciled emirates" in the wake of the Qatari-British treaty of 1916 note: the other eight emirates are the seven that compose the UAE and Bahrain; according to some sources, the dominant color was formerly red, but this darkened to maroon upon exposure to the sun and the new shade was eventually adopted.

Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew the father in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar has not experienced the level of unrest or violence seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth. Qatar's international image is bolstered in part by the Doha-based Al Jazeera news network, which has provided comprehensive coverage of the Near East and North African Arab revolutions. Additionally, Qatar played a significant role in the Libyan revolution by pressing the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab League to assist the Libyan rebel movement.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Neighbours: Saudi Arabia
Capital: Doha
Size11,437 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,415 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Connecticut
CurrencyName Rial, Currency Code:QAR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).qa
Telephone Country Prefix+974
Mobile Phone Connections2,472,000
Landline Phone Connections285,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area11,586 (sq km)166

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population2,042,444 146
Population growth rate4.19 (%)3
Birth rate10.08 (births/1,000 population)193
Death rate1.54 (deaths/1,000 population)224
Net migration rate33.31 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)2
Maternal mortality rate7.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)167
Infant mortality rate6.60 (deaths/1,000 live births)165
Life expectancy at birth78.24 (years)54
Total fertility rate1.92 (children born/woman)138
Health expenditures1.80 (% of GDP)191
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)154
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS200 159
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 149
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33.20 (%)16
Education expenditures2.50 (% of GDP)157
Unemployment, youth ages 15-241.30 (%)142


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)191,000,000,000 59
GDP - real growth rate6.60 (%)33
GDP - per capita (PPP)103,900 1
Labor force1,430,000 132
Unemployment rate0.50 (%)3
Investment (gross fixed)28.20 (% of GDP)29
Taxes and other revenues34.20 (% of GDP)65
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)6.30 (% of GDP)11
Public debt32.50 (% of GDP)108
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.90 (%)31
Central bank discount rate4.50 (%)79
Commercial bank prime lending rate5.50 (%)150
Stock of narrow money26,470,000,000 62
Stock of broad money97,970,000,000 54
Stock of domestic credit140,900,000,000 46
Market value of publicly traded shares123,600,000,000 38
Industrial production growth rate27.10 (%)1
Current account balance58,570,000,000 10
Exports117,700,000,000 34
Imports23,490,000,000 71
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold25,970,000,000 53
Debt - external137,000,000,000 39
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home43,830,000,000 57
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad37,340,000,000 40


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production28,140,000,000 (kWh)67
Electricity - consumption26,380,000,000 (kWh)66
Electricity - exports200,000 (kWh)88
Electricity - installed generating capacity3,893,000 (kW)80
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)32
Crude oil - production1,631,000 (bbl/day)19
Crude oil - exports704,300 (bbl/day)19
Crude oil - proved reserves25,570,000,000 (bbl)14
Refined petroleum products - production153,800 (bbl/day)67
Refined petroleum products - consumption169,900 (bbl/day)63
Refined petroleum products - exports53,230 (bbl/day)56
Refined petroleum products - imports11,940 (bbl/day)129
Natural gas - production116,700,000,000 (cu m)7
Natural gas - consumption21,800,000,000 (cu m)36
Natural gas - exports113,400,000,000 (cu m)3
Natural gas - proved reserves25,200,000,000,000 (cu m)4
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy64,680,000 (Mt)51


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use306,700 114
Telephones - mobile cellular2,302,000 135
Internet hosts897 173
Internet users563,800 117


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports6 173
Roadways7,790 (km)143
Merchant marine28 87


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures10.00 (% of GDP)3

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Al Zubarah Archaeological Site
The walled coastal town of Al Zubarah in the Gulf flourished as a pearling and trading centre in the late 18th century and early 19th centuries, before it was destroyed in 1811 and abandoned in the early 1900s. Founded by merchants from Kuwait, Al Zu ...