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Tajikistan Country Guide

Explore Tajikistan in Asia

Tajikistan with the capital city Dushanbe is located in Asia (Central Asia, west of China). It covers some 143,100 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Wisconsin) with 7,211,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Tajikistan

The landscape offers Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape with western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest. The average density of population is approximately 50 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tajikistan can be described as midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters with semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes or floods.

To reach someone in Tajikistan dial +992 prior to a number. There are 290,000 installed telephones. And there are 4,900,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tj". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Tajikistan

Tajikistan Flag Icon

Three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe; red represents the sun, victory, and the unity of the nation, white stands for purity, cotton, and mountain snows, while green is the color of Islam and the bounty of nature; the crown symbolizes the Tajik people; the seven stars signify the Tajik magic number "seven" - a symbol of perfection and the embodiment of happiness.

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. Tajikistan endured several domestic security incidents in 2010-12, including a mass prison-break from a Dushanbe detention facility, the country''s first suicide car bombing in Khujand, and armed conflict between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan joined NATO''s Partnership for Peace in 2002, and became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Neighbours: China, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Capital: Dushanbe
Size143,100 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 55,251 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Wisconsin
CurrencyName Somoni, Currency Code:TJS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).tj
Telephone Country Prefix+992
Mobile Phone Connections4,900,000
Landline Phone Connections290,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area143,100 (sq km)96

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population7,910,041 96
Population growth rate1.79 (%)67
Birth rate25.49 (births/1,000 population)55
Death rate6.38 (deaths/1,000 population)153
Net migration rate-1.19 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)150
Maternal mortality rate65.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)93
Infant mortality rate36.16 (deaths/1,000 live births)64
Life expectancy at birth66.72 (years)166
Total fertility rate2.80 (children born/woman)70
Health expenditures6.00 (% of GDP)109
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.20 (%)106
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,100 101
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 81
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.60 (%)136
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.00 (%)51
Education expenditures3.90 (% of GDP)115


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)18,040,000,000 137
GDP - real growth rate7.50 (%)22
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,300 189
Labor force2,100,000 121
Unemployment rate2.50 (%)19
Distribution of family income - Gini index32.60 102
Investment (gross fixed)16.40 (% of GDP)129
Taxes and other revenues26.90 (% of GDP)108
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-0.30 (% of GDP)48
Inflation rate (consumer prices)6.40 (%)168
Central bank discount rate5.00 (%)69
Commercial bank prime lending rate26.30 (%)10
Stock of narrow money1,213,000,000 143
Stock of broad money2,000,000,000 149
Stock of domestic credit1,400,000,000 148
Industrial production growth rate10.40 (%)10
Current account balance-401,000,000 90
Exports1,359,000,000 152
Imports3,778,000,000 140
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold972,000,000 140
Debt - external2,200,000,000 142
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home1,800,000,000 93
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad18,500,000,000 48


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production16,900,000,000 (kWh)78
Electricity - consumption15,900,000,000 (kWh)76
Electricity - exports1,000,000,000 (kWh)55
Electricity - imports300,500,000 (kWh)82
Electricity - installed generating capacity4,500,000 (kW)76
Electricity - from fossil fuels9.00 (% of total installed capacity)196
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants91.00 (% of total installed capacity)12
Crude oil - production215 (bbl/day)100
Crude oil - exports80 (bbl/day)71
Crude oil - proved reserves12,000,000 (bbl)90
Refined petroleum products - consumption45,810 (bbl/day)103
Refined petroleum products - exports225 (bbl/day)119
Refined petroleum products - imports7,758 (bbl/day)137
Natural gas - production40,000,000 (cu m)85
Natural gas - consumption172,000,000 (cu m)102
Natural gas - imports132,400,000 (cu m)72
Natural gas - proved reserves5,663,000,000 (cu m)91
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy6,678,000 (Mt)115


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use380,000 106
Telephones - mobile cellular6,324,000 97
Internet hosts6,258 142
Internet users700,000 110


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports24 132
Railways680 (km)103
Roadways27,767 (km)99
Waterways200 (km)99


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.50 (% of GDP)99

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Proto-urban Site of Sarazm
Sarazm, which means “where the land begins”, is an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE. The ruins demonstrate the early develo ...
Tajik National Park (Mountains of the Pamirs)
Tajikistan National Park covers more than 2.5 million hectares in the east of the country, at the centre of the so-called “Pamir Knot”, a meeting point of the highest mountain ranges on the Eurasian continent. It consists of high plateaux in the east ...