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Tonga Country Guide

Explore Tonga in Oceania

Tonga with the capital city Nuku'alofa is located in Oceania (Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 748 square kilometres (four times the size of Washington, DC) with 118,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Tonga

The topography includes most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation with others have limestone overlying volcanic base. The average density of population is approximately 158 per km². The notable climate conditions in Tonga can be described as tropical with modified by trade winds and warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December). Possible natural disasters include cyclones (October to April) or earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou.

To reach someone in Tonga dial +676 prior to a number. There are 31,000 installed telephones. And there are 53,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".to". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Tonga

Tonga Flag Icon

Red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner; the cross reflects the deep-rooted Christianity in Tonga; red represents the blood of Christ and his sacrifice; white signifies purity.

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

National administrative regions of Tonga

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Oceania
Capital: Nuku'alofa
Size748 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 288 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
four times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Pa'anga, Currency Code:TOP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).to
Telephone Country Prefix+676
Mobile Phone Connections53,000
Landline Phone Connections31,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area747 (sq km)190

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population106,322 191
Population growth rate0.14 (%)183
Birth rate24.12 (births/1,000 population)64
Death rate4.87 (deaths/1,000 population)190
Net migration rate-17.87 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)217
Maternal mortality rate110.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)65
Infant mortality rate12.78 (deaths/1,000 live births)127
Life expectancy at birth75.60 (years)90
Total fertility rate3.46 (children born/woman)48
Health expenditures5.10 (% of GDP)135
Obesity - adult prevalence rate57.60 (%)5
Education expenditures3.90 (% of GDP)116
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2411.90 (%)98


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)801,000,000 208
GDP - real growth rate1.40 (%)149
GDP - per capita (PPP)7,700 136
Labor force39,960 196
Unemployment rate13.00 (%)134
Taxes and other revenues24.20 (% of GDP)128
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.50 (%)128
Commercial bank prime lending rate11.21 (%)73
Stock of narrow money67,820,000 185
Stock of broad money169,200,000 187
Stock of domestic credit164,200,000 183
Industrial production growth rate1.00 (%)132
Current account balance-48,100,000 63
Exports11,400,000 214
Imports124,200,000 209
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold118,300,000 163
Debt - external118,600,000 189


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production41,000,000 (kWh)208
Electricity - consumption38,130,000 (kWh)208
Electricity - installed generating capacity12,000 (kW)199
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)40
Refined petroleum products - consumption1,221 (bbl/day)197
Refined petroleum products - imports1,202 (bbl/day)190
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy155,000 (Mt)197


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use30,000 176
Telephones - mobile cellular55,000 200
Internet hosts5,367 144
Internet users8,400 203


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports6 177
Roadways680 (km)189
Merchant marine7 122


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures0.90 (% of GDP)133

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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