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Turks and Caicos Islands Country Guide

Explore Turks and Caicos Islands in North America

Turks and Caicos Islands with the capital city Cockburn Town is located in North America (Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 430 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 20,556 citizens.

Interactive map of Turks and Caicos Islands

The topography includes low, flat limestone with extensive marshes and mangrove swamps. The average density of population is approximately 48 per km². The notable climate conditions in Turks and Caicos Islands can be described as tropical with marine, moderated by trade winds and sunny and relatively dry. Possible natural disasters include frequent hurricanes.

To reach someone in Turks and Caicos Islands dial +1-649 prior to a number. There are 3,700 installed telephones. And there are 25,100 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tc". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Turks and Caicos Islands

Turks and Caicos Islands Flag Icon

Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota.

The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica''s independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.

National administrative regions of Turks and Caicos Islands

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: North America
Capital: Cockburn Town
Size430 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 166 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).tc
Telephone Country Prefix+1-649
Mobile Phone Connections25,100
Landline Phone Connections3,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area948 (sq km)186

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population47,754 211
Population growth rate2.87 (%)14
Birth rate17.05 (births/1,000 population)116
Death rate3.06 (deaths/1,000 population)219
Net migration rate14.66 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)8
Infant mortality rate11.29 (deaths/1,000 live births)133
Life expectancy at birth79.40 (years)43
Total fertility rate1.70 (children born/woman)170


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)632,000,000 213
GDP - real growth rate11.20 (%)4
GDP - per capita (PPP)29,100 53
Labor force4,848 222
Unemployment rate10.00 (%)109
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.50 (%)54
Exports24,770,000 207
Imports591,300,000 188


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production200,000,000 (kWh)181
Electricity - consumption186,000,000 (kWh)186
Electricity - installed generating capacity50,000 (kW)184
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)39
Refined petroleum products - consumption999 (bbl/day)204
Refined petroleum products - imports1,042 (bbl/day)193
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy38,880 (Mt)208


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Internet hosts73,217 86


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports8 163
Roadways121 (km)212

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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