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United Arab Emirates Country Guide

Explore United Arab Emirates in Asia

United Arab Emirates with the capital city Abu Dhabi is located in Asia (Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf). It covers some 82,880 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maine) with 4,621,000 citizens.

Interactive map of United Arab Emirates

The topography includes flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland with mountains in east. The average density of population is approximately 56 per km². The notable climate conditions in United Arab Emirates can be described as desert with cooler in eastern mountains. Possible natural disasters include frequent sand and dust storms.

To reach someone in United Arab Emirates dial +971 prior to a number. There are 1,561,000 installed telephones. And there are 10,672,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ae". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates Flag Icon

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side; the flag incorporates all four Pan-Arab colors, which in this case represent fertility (green), neutrality (white), petroleum resources (black), and unity (red); red was the traditional color incorporated into all flags of the emirates before their unification.

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Dhabi, ''Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE''s per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its high oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE''s economy. However, in 2008-09, the confluence of falling oil prices, collapsing real estate prices, and the international banking crisis hit the UAE especially hard. The UAE has essentially avoided the "Arab Spring" unrest seen elsewhere in the Middle East, though in March 2011, political activists and intellectuals signed a petition calling for greater public participation in governance that was widely circulated on the Internet. In an effort to stem potential further unrest, the government announced a multi-year, $1.6-billion infrastructure investment plan for the poorer northern Emirates.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Neighbours: Saudi Arabia, Oman
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Size82,880 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 32,000 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maine
CurrencyName Dirham, Currency Code:AED
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ae
Telephone Country Prefix+971
Mobile Phone Connections10,672,000
Landline Phone Connections1,561,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area3 (sq km)249
Area5 (sq km)248
Area5 (sq km)247
Area5 (sq km)246
Area6 (sq km)245
Area7 (sq km)244
Area22 (sq km)239
Area34 (sq km)236
Area49 (sq km)233
Area55 (sq km)230
Area123 (sq km)224
Area131 (sq km)223
Area360 (sq km)206
Area377 (sq km)205
Area412 (sq km)203
Area444 (sq km)200
Area77,474 (sq km)117
Area83,600 (sq km)115
Area644,329 (sq km)42

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population15,700 222
Population15,700 221
Population39,689 212
Population146,836 188
Population1,763,387 151
Population5,473,972 114
Population7,243,007 98
Population11,090,104 76
Population growth rate-0.46 (%)222
Population growth rate1.51 (%)78
Population growth rate2.87 (%)13
Population growth rate3.01 (%)8
Birth rate9.15 (births/1,000 population)205
Birth rate13.00 (births/1,000 population)152
Birth rate15.65 (births/1,000 population)128
Birth rate33.27 (births/1,000 population)32
Death rate2.01 (deaths/1,000 population)223
Death rate3.15 (deaths/1,000 population)218
Death rate4.51 (deaths/1,000 population)199
Death rate8.00 (deaths/1,000 population)98
Death rate13.77 (deaths/1,000 population)12
Net migration rate1.27 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)51
Net migration rate6.63 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)16
Net migration rate15.04 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)6
Maternal mortality rate12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)149
Maternal mortality rate12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)148
Maternal mortality rate64.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)95
Infant mortality rate4.40 (deaths/1,000 live births)191
Infant mortality rate6.28 (deaths/1,000 live births)170
Infant mortality rate9.05 (deaths/1,000 live births)151
Infant mortality rate11.25 (deaths/1,000 live births)134
Infant mortality rate16.00 (deaths/1,000 live births)104
Infant mortality rate69.97 (deaths/1,000 live births)18
Life expectancy at birth74.40 (years)111
Life expectancy at birth74.79 (years)103
Life expectancy at birth76.91 (years)71
Life expectancy at birth77.61 (years)63
Life expectancy at birth79.90 (years)36
Total fertility rate1.41 (children born/woman)202
Total fertility rate2.09 (children born/woman)115
Total fertility rate2.09 (children born/woman)113
Total fertility rate2.37 (children born/woman)91
Total fertility rate4.41 (children born/woman)31
Total fertility rate5.54 (children born/woman)9
Health expenditures3.70 (% of GDP)172
Health expenditures10.40 (% of GDP)26
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)155
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.20 (%)92
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.10 (%)23
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,400 115
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 150
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.80 (%)63
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.70 (%)22
Education expenditures1.10 (% of GDP)171
Education expenditures4.70 (% of GDP)84
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2412.10 (%)97
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2438.80 (%)13
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2446.10 (%)7


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)798,300,000 209
GDP (purchasing power parity)2,838,000,000 183
GDP (purchasing power parity)10,620,000,000 153
GDP (purchasing power parity)80,020,000,000 80
GDP (purchasing power parity)275,800,000,000 50
GDP (purchasing power parity)15,970,000,000,000 1
GDP - real growth rate-53.00 (%)220
GDP - real growth rate-1.80 (%)207
GDP - real growth rate-0.30 (%)187
GDP - real growth rate3.90 (%)87
GDP - real growth rate4.00 (%)78
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,000 217
GDP - per capita (PPP)10,600 114
GDP - per capita (PPP)15,000 91
GDP - per capita (PPP)15,400 89
GDP - per capita (PPP)35,100 41
GDP - per capita (PPP)49,800 15
Labor force23,200 208
Labor force62,040 186
Labor force348,200 162
Labor force2,860,000 105
Labor force4,337,000 88
Labor force230,000,000 3
Unemployment rate30.00 (%)179
Unemployment rate22.40 (%)167
Unemployment rate12.00 (%)127
Unemployment rate10.60 (%)113
Unemployment rate9.80 (%)105
Unemployment rate2.40 (%)17
Investment (gross fixed)18.10 (% of GDP)118
Investment (gross fixed)18.40 (% of GDP)114
Investment (gross fixed)28.50 (% of GDP)27
Taxes and other revenues10.80 (% of GDP)208
Taxes and other revenues36.30 (% of GDP)59
Taxes and other revenues44.60 (% of GDP)27
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-6.10 (% of GDP)176
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-0.90 (% of GDP)60
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)4.60 (% of GDP)14
Public debt40.40 (% of GDP)89
Public debt61.50 (% of GDP)44
Inflation rate (consumer prices)79.00 (%)224
Inflation rate (consumer prices)6.20 (%)166
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.00 (%)116
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.50 (%)96
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.40 (%)49
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.30 (%)44
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.10 (%)11
Central bank discount rate1.75 (%)119
Central bank discount rate9.50 (%)28
Stock of narrow money5,790,000,000 95
Stock of narrow money80,530,000,000 41
Stock of narrow money6,205,000,000,000 2
Stock of broad money6,674,000,000 117
Stock of broad money19,780,000,000 87
Stock of broad money234,700,000,000 36
Stock of broad money12,270,000,000,000 4
Stock of domestic credit914,900,000 160
Stock of domestic credit21,090,000,000 82
Stock of domestic credit313,700,000,000 36
Stock of domestic credit21,290,000,000,000 2
Market value of publicly traded shares8,365,000,000 75
Market value of publicly traded shares104,700,000,000 41
Market value of publicly traded shares10,500,000,000,000 2
Industrial production growth rate-2.90 (%)158
Industrial production growth rate3.10 (%)85
Industrial production growth rate3.20 (%)84
Current account balance-34,490,000,000 185
Current account balance-3,895,000,000 156
Current account balance26,760,000,000 15
Exports1,500,000,000 150
Exports11,350,000,000 90
Exports300,600,000,000 21
Exports2,170,000,000,000 1
Imports2,500,000,000 156
Imports19,010,000,000 79
Imports220,300,000,000 24
Imports2,397,000,000,000 1
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold15,560,000,000 65
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold43,770,000,000 42
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold863,800,000,000 3
Debt - external33,410,000,000 71
Debt - external158,900,000,000 35
Debt - external15,500,000,000,000 2
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home27,000,000,000 63
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home91,560,000,000 42
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad58,100,000,000 34


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production51,000 (kWh)218
Electricity - production304,300,000 (kWh)170
Electricity - production1,167,000,000 (kWh)144
Electricity - production37,860,000,000 (kWh)61
Electricity - production83,310,000,000 (kWh)38
Electricity - production3,255,000,000,000 (kWh)4
Electricity - consumption202,000 (kWh)217
Electricity - consumption968,000,000 (kWh)151
Electricity - consumption37,370,000,000 (kWh)55
Electricity - consumption74,120,000,000 (kWh)38
Electricity - consumption3,037,000,000,000 (kWh)4
Electricity - exports1,240,000,000 (kWh)53
Electricity - imports193,000 (kWh)107
Electricity - imports1,500,000,000 (kWh)56
Electricity - installed generating capacity8,359,000 (kW)61
Electricity - installed generating capacity23,250,000 (kW)35
Electricity - from fossil fuels66.10 (% of total installed capacity)119
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)46
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants26.60 (% of total installed capacity)83
Crude oil - production13,160 (bbl/day)78
Crude oil - production3,087,000 (bbl/day)8
Crude oil - exports2,036,000 (bbl/day)7
Crude oil - imports45,000 (bbl/day)58
Crude oil - proved reserves77,500,000 (bbl)78
Crude oil - proved reserves5,385,000,000 (bbl)23
Crude oil - proved reserves97,800,000,000 (bbl)8
Refined petroleum products - production531 (bbl/day)116
Refined petroleum products - production55,960 (bbl/day)83
Refined petroleum products - production346,900 (bbl/day)39
Refined petroleum products - production12,190,000 (bbl/day)3
Refined petroleum products - consumption72,000 (bbl/day)91
Refined petroleum products - consumption81,440 (bbl/day)85
Refined petroleum products - consumption572,100 (bbl/day)32
Refined petroleum products - consumption13,250,000 (bbl/day)3
Refined petroleum products - exports3,981 (bbl/day)99
Refined petroleum products - exports211,100 (bbl/day)31
Refined petroleum products - exports452,400 (bbl/day)17
Refined petroleum products - exports2,196,000 (bbl/day)3
Refined petroleum products - imports27,330 (bbl/day)90
Refined petroleum products - imports291,700 (bbl/day)24
Refined petroleum products - imports377,300 (bbl/day)17
Refined petroleum products - imports8,613,000 (bbl/day)2
Natural gas - production557,000,000 (cu m)71
Natural gas - production51,280,000,000 (cu m)19
Natural gas - production167,100,000,000 (cu m)4
Natural gas - consumption2,840,000,000 (cu m)75
Natural gas - consumption60,540,000,000 (cu m)14
Natural gas - consumption459,800,000,000 (cu m)4
Natural gas - exports7,650,000,000 (cu m)27
Natural gas - exports93,750,000,000 (cu m)5
Natural gas - imports2,610,000,000 (cu m)46
Natural gas - imports16,910,000,000 (cu m)18
Natural gas - imports420,600,000,000 (cu m)2
Natural gas - proved reserves48,140,000,000 (cu m)68
Natural gas - proved reserves2,008,000,000,000 (cu m)18
Natural gas - proved reserves6,089,000,000,000 (cu m)8
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy49,920,000 (Mt)63
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy199,400,000 (Mt)27


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use337,000 113
Telephones - main lines in use1,825,000 61
Telephones - main lines in use3,030,000 51
Telephones - mobile cellular2,405,000 131
Telephones - mobile cellular10,182,000 74
Telephones - mobile cellular11,727,000 66
Internet hosts6 231
Internet hosts53 215
Internet hosts102 209
Internet hosts7,764 139
Internet hosts337,804 61
Internet hosts1,102,000 44
Internet users1,379,000 87
Internet users3,449,000 61
Internet users4,107,000 57


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports1 233
Airports1 230
Airports1 222
Airports1 218
Airports1 211
Airports4 191
Airports4 187
Airports23 133
Airports30 115
Airports42 101
Airports84 67
Roadways53 (km)218
Roadways550 (km)192
Roadways4,080 (km)157
Roadways41,913 (km)86
Merchant marine61 66


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures6.40 (% of GDP)9

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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