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Andorra Country Guide

Explore Andorra in Europe

Andorra with the capital city Andorra la Vella is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains). It covers some 468 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 88,815 citizens.

Interactive map of Andorra

The terrain features rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys. The average density of population is approximately 190 per km². The notable climate conditions in Andorra can be described as temperate with snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers. Potential natural disasters are avalanches.

To reach someone in Andorra dial +376 prior to a number. There are 37,900 installed telephones. And there are 64,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ad". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Andorra

Andorra Flag Icon

Three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the latter band is slightly wider than the other two so that the ratio of band widths is 8:9:8; the coat of arms features a quartered shield with the emblems of (starting in the upper left and proceeding clockwise): Urgell, Foix, Bearn, and Catalonia; the motto reads VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (Strength United is Stronger); the flag combines the blue and red French colors with the red and yellow of Spain to show Franco-Spanish protection note: similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem.

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees Mountains between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Seu d''Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified, with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. In the late 20th century, Andorra became a popular tourist destination. An estimated 10 million people visit each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty free goods. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its banking facilities, low taxes, and lack of customs duties. However, recent economic hardships have required Andorra to start taxing foreign investments and to implement stricter economic policies. Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but enjoys a special relationship with it and uses the Euro as its national currency.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: Spain, France
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Size468 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 180 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Euro, Currency Code:EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ad
Telephone Country Prefix+376
Mobile Phone Connections64,500
Landline Phone Connections37,900

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area468 (sq km)196

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population85,293 200
Population growth rate0.22 (%)176
Birth rate8.88 (births/1,000 population)211
Death rate6.67 (deaths/1,000 population)144
Infant mortality rate3.73 (deaths/1,000 live births)204
Life expectancy at birth82.58 (years)6
Total fertility rate1.37 (children born/woman)209
Health expenditures7.50 (% of GDP)72
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.20 (%)58
Education expenditures2.90 (% of GDP)143


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)3,163,000,000 180
GDP - real growth rate-1.60 (%)205
GDP - per capita (PPP)37,200 36
Labor force36,060 201
Unemployment rate2.90 (%)22
Taxes and other revenues8.40 (% of GDP)212
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-1.40 (% of GDP)68
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.10 (%)10
Exports70,000,000 193
Imports1,430,000,000 171


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production91,240,000 (kWh)198
Electricity - consumption562,400,000 (kWh)167
Electricity - exports1,000,000 (kWh)87
Electricity - imports587,000,000 (kWh)74


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use38,400 169
Telephones - mobile cellular65,000 197
Internet hosts28,383 109
Internet users67,100 171


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Roadways320 (km)203

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley
The cultural landscape of Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley offers a microcosmic perspective of the way people have harvested the resources of the high Pyrenees over millennia. Its dramatic glacial landscapes of craggy cliffs and glaciers, with high open ...