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Antigua and Barbuda Country Guide

Explore Antigua and Barbuda in North America

Antigua and Barbuda with the capital city St. John's is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 443 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 69,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Antigua and Barbuda

The topography includes mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas. The average density of population is approximately 156 per km². The notable climate conditions in Antigua and Barbuda can be described as tropical maritime with little seasonal temperature variation. Possible natural disasters include hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October) or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Antigua and Barbuda dial +1-268 prior to a number. There are 37,400 installed telephones. And there are 134,900 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850/900/1900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ag". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda Flag Icon

Red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band; the sun symbolizes the dawn of a new era, black represents the African heritage of most of the population, blue is for hope, and red is for the dynamism of the people; the "V" stands for victory; the successive yellow, blue, and white coloring is also meant to evoke the country's tourist attractions of sun, sea, and sand.

The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: North America
Capital: St. John's
Size443 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 171 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:XCD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ag
Telephone Country Prefix+1-268
Mobile Phone Connections134,900
Landline Phone Connections37,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area443 (sq km)201

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population90,156 198
Population growth rate1.26 (%)93
Birth rate16.07 (births/1,000 population)124
Death rate5.70 (deaths/1,000 population)171
Net migration rate2.26 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)38
Infant mortality rate13.72 (deaths/1,000 live births)122
Life expectancy at birth75.91 (years)87
Total fertility rate2.04 (children born/woman)124
Health expenditures6.00 (% of GDP)105
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.60 (%)52
Education expenditures2.50 (% of GDP)160
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2419.90 (%)59


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)1,605,000,000 195
GDP - real growth rate1.60 (%)144
GDP - per capita (PPP)18,300 75
Labor force30,000 206
Unemployment rate11.00 (%)116
Taxes and other revenues19.50 (% of GDP)168
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-5.40 (% of GDP)164
Public debt130.00 (% of GDP)5
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.40 (%)21
Central bank discount rate6.50 (%)49
Commercial bank prime lending rate10.93 (%)78
Stock of narrow money215,600,000 177
Stock of broad money1,131,000,000 167
Stock of domestic credit1,185,000,000 153
Current account balance-200,000,000 77
Exports37,900,000 202
Imports400,000,000 192
Debt - external441,200,000 174


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production115,000,000 (kWh)194
Electricity - consumption107,000,000 (kWh)195
Electricity - installed generating capacity27,000 (kW)192
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)1
Refined petroleum products - consumption5,000 (bbl/day)169
Refined petroleum products - exports240 (bbl/day)118
Refined petroleum products - imports4,662 (bbl/day)159
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy718,800 (Mt)176


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use35,500 172
Telephones - mobile cellular176,000 182
Internet hosts11,532 130
Internet users65,000 172


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports3 192
Roadways1,165 (km)181
Merchant marine1,257 9


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures3.30 (% of GDP)36

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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