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Bermuda Country Guide

Explore Bermuda in North America

Bermuda with the capital city Hamilton is located in North America (North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 53 square kilometres (about one-third the size of Washington, DC) with 65,365 citizens.

Interactive map of Bermuda

The terrain features low hills separated by fertile depressions. The average density of population is approximately 1,233 per km². The notable climate conditions in Bermuda can be described as subtropical with mild, humid and gales, strong winds common in winter. Potential natural disasters are hurricanes (June to November).

To reach someone in Bermuda dial +1-441 prior to a number. There are 57,700 installed telephones. And there are 85,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Bermuda

Bermuda Flag Icon

Red, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (a white shield with a red lion standing on a green grassy field holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag; it was the shipwreck of the vessel, filled with English colonists originally bound for Virginia, that led to settling of Bermuda note: the flag is unusual in that it is only British overseas territory that uses a red ensign, all others use blue.

Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: North America
Capital: Hamilton
Size53 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 20 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about one-third the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:BMD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).bm
Telephone Country Prefix+1-441
Mobile Phone Connections85,000
Landline Phone Connections57,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area54 (sq km)232

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population69,467 203
Population growth rate0.55 (%)147
Birth rate11.39 (births/1,000 population)169
Death rate7.90 (deaths/1,000 population)104
Net migration rate1.99 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)42
Infant mortality rate2.47 (deaths/1,000 live births)222
Life expectancy at birth80.93 (years)22
Total fertility rate1.96 (children born/woman)134
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.30 (%)90
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS163 160
HIV/AIDS - deaths392 99
Education expenditures2.60 (% of GDP)154
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2410.80 (%)104


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)5,600,000,000 168
GDP - real growth rate-3.50 (%)214
GDP - per capita (PPP)86,000 3
Labor force37,400 200
Unemployment rate8.00 (%)91
Taxes and other revenues17.40 (% of GDP)182
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-2.50 (% of GDP)95
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.40 (%)47
Market value of publicly traded shares1,436,000,000 102
Exports15,000,000 210
Imports950,000,000 177
Debt - external1,400,000,000 149


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production716,800,000 (kWh)156
Electricity - consumption636,500,000 (kWh)163
Electricity - installed generating capacity165,000 (kW)157
Electricity - from fossil fuels98.20 (% of total installed capacity)61
Electricity - from other renewable sources1.80 (% of total installed capacity)61
Refined petroleum products - consumption2,747 (bbl/day)186
Refined petroleum products - imports2,747 (bbl/day)171
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy812,800 (Mt)171


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use57,800 160
Telephones - mobile cellular88,200 194
Internet hosts20,040 119
Internet users54,000 173


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports1 212
Roadways447 (km)197
Merchant marine139 41


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures0.11 (% of GDP)169

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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