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Czech Republic Country Guide

Explore Czech Republic in Europe

Czech Republic with the capital city Prague is located in Europe (Central Europe, between Germany). It covers some 78,866 square kilometres (slightly smaller than South Carolina) with 10,220,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Czech Republic

The landscape offers Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains with Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country. The average density of population is approximately 130 per km². The notable climate conditions in Czech Republic can be described as temperate with cool summers and cold, cloudy, humid winters. Potential threats by nature are flooding.

To reach someone in Czech Republic dial +420 prior to a number. There are 2,092,000 installed telephones. And there are 14,258,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800/3G MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Czech Republic

Czech Republic Flag Icon

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side note: is identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia.

At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the Czech part of the country and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country''s leaders to liberalize Communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: Poland, Germany, Slovakia, Austria
Capital: Prague
Size78,866 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 30,450 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than South Carolina
CurrencyName Koruna, Currency Code:CZK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).cz
Telephone Country Prefix+420
Mobile Phone Connections14,258,000
Landline Phone Connections2,092,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area78,867 (sq km)116

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population10,162,921 86
Population growth rate-0.15 (%)209
Birth rate8.55 (births/1,000 population)216
Death rate11.01 (deaths/1,000 population)39
Net migration rate0.98 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)56
Maternal mortality rate5.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)174
Infant mortality rate3.67 (deaths/1,000 live births)207
Life expectancy at birth77.56 (years)64
Total fertility rate1.29 (children born/woman)214
Health expenditures7.90 (% of GDP)62
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)126
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,000 135
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 130
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.70 (%)21
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.00 (%)117
Education expenditures4.40 (% of GDP)95
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2421.30 (%)55


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)291,700,000,000 45
GDP - real growth rate-1.20 (%)200
GDP - per capita (PPP)27,600 56
Labor force5,545,000 71
Unemployment rate8.60 (%)98
Distribution of family income - Gini index31.00 109
Investment (gross fixed)24.40 (% of GDP)57
Taxes and other revenues41.40 (% of GDP)38
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-3.20 (% of GDP)117
Public debt43.90 (% of GDP)80
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.30 (%)86
Central bank discount rate0.75 (%)134
Commercial bank prime lending rate5.72 (%)145
Stock of narrow money114,000,000,000 32
Stock of broad money151,700,000,000 47
Stock of domestic credit139,900,000,000 48
Market value of publicly traded shares73,100,000,000 47
Industrial production growth rate6.90 (%)41
Current account balance-3,596,000,000 154
Exports134,100,000,000 33
Imports129,000,000,000 32
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold35,260,000,000 46
Debt - external101,900,000,000 47
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home129,200,000,000 30
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad16,470,000,000 50


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production80,440,000,000 (kWh)39
Electricity - consumption58,880,000,000 (kWh)43
Electricity - exports21,590,000,000 (kWh)7
Electricity - imports6,642,000,000 (kWh)34
Electricity - installed generating capacity18,320,000 (kW)39
Electricity - from fossil fuels60.00 (% of total installed capacity)137
Electricity - from nuclear fuels20.90 (% of total installed capacity)10
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants5.70 (% of total installed capacity)125
Electricity - from other renewable sources7.10 (% of total installed capacity)28
Crude oil - production9,162 (bbl/day)82
Crude oil - exports420 (bbl/day)68
Crude oil - imports143,700 (bbl/day)42
Crude oil - proved reserves15,000,000 (bbl)89
Refined petroleum products - production167,000 (bbl/day)61
Refined petroleum products - consumption199,000 (bbl/day)59
Refined petroleum products - exports25,060 (bbl/day)72
Refined petroleum products - imports65,560 (bbl/day)59
Natural gas - production185,000,000 (cu m)78
Natural gas - consumption8,944,000,000 (cu m)52
Natural gas - exports167,000,000 (cu m)45
Natural gas - imports9,319,000,000 (cu m)26
Natural gas - proved reserves3,964,000,000 (cu m)93
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy90,830,000 (Mt)41


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use2,289,000 55
Telephones - mobile cellular13,000,000 61
Internet hosts4,148,000 27
Internet users6,681,000 40


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports128 45
Railways9,469 (km)22
Roadways127,797 (km)36
Waterways664 (km)77
Merchant marine1 150


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.00 (% of GDP)125

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
Kroměříž stands on the site of an earlier ford across the River Morava, at the foot of the Chriby mountain range which dominates the central part of Moravia. The gardens and castle of Kroměříž are an exceptionally complete and well-preserved example ...
Historic Centre of Český Krumlov
Situated on the banks of the Vltava river, the town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. It is an outstanding example of a small central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained ...
Historic Centre of Prague
Built between the 11th and 18th centuries, the Old Town, the Lesser Town and the New Town speak of the great architectural and cultural influence enjoyed by this city since the Middle Ages. The many magnificent monuments, such as Hradcani Castle, St ...
Historic Centre of Telč
The houses in Telc, which stands on a hilltop, were originally built of wood. After a fire in the late 14th century, the town was rebuilt in stone, surrounded by walls and further strengthened by a network of artificial ponds. The town's Gothic castl ...
Holašovice Historical Village Reservation
Holašovice is an exceptionally complete and well-preserved example of a traditional central European village. It has a large number of outstanding 18th- and 19th-century vernacular buildings in a style known as 'South Bohemian folk Baroque', and pres ...
Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc
This memorial column, erected in the early years of the 18th century, is the most outstanding example of a type of monument specific to central Europe. In the characteristic regional style known as Olomouc Baroque and rising to a height of 35 m, it i ...
Jewish Quarter and St Procopius' Basilica in Třebíč
The ensemble of the Jewish Quarter, the old Jewish cemetery and the Basilica of St Procopius in Trebíc are reminders of the co-existence of Jewish and Christian cultures from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The Jewish Quarter bears outstanding t ...
Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
Kutná Hora developed as a result of the exploitation of the silver mines. In the 14th century it became a royal city endowed with monuments that symbolized its prosperity. The Church of St Barbara, a jewel of the late Gothic period, and the Cathedral ...
Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape
Between the 17th and 20th centuries, the ruling dukes of Liechtenstein transformed their domains in southern Moravia into a striking landscape. It married Baroque architecture (mainly the work of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach) and the classical ...
Litomyšl Castle
Litomyšl Castle was originally a Renaissance arcade-castle of the type first developed in Italy and then adopted and greatly developed in central Europe in the 16th century. Its design and decoration are particularly fine, including the later High-Ba ...
Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
This pilgrimage church, built in honour of St John of Nepomuk, stands at Zelená Hora, not far from Ždár nad Sázavou in Moravia. Constructed at the beginning of the 18th century on a star-shaped plan, it is the most unusual work by the great architect ...
Tugendhat Villa in Brno
The Tugendhat Villa in Brno, designed by the architect Mies van der Rohe, is an outstanding example of the international style in the modern movement in architecture as it developed in Europe in the 1920s. Its particular value lies in the application ...