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Equatorial Guinea Country Guide

Explore Equatorial Guinea in Africa

Equatorial Guinea with the capital city Malabo is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 28,051 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 562,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Equatorial Guinea

The landscape offers coastal plains rise to interior hills with islands are volcanic. The average density of population is approximately 20 per km². The notable climate conditions in Equatorial Guinea can be described as tropical with always hot, humid. Potential threats by nature are violent windstorms or flash floods.

To reach someone in Equatorial Guinea dial +240 prior to a number. There are 10,000 installed telephones. And there are 445,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gq". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea Flag Icon

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence.

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country''s economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population''s living standards have been slow to develop.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: Gabon, Cameroon
Capital: Malabo
Size28,051 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,830 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
CurrencyName Franc, Currency Code:XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).gq
Telephone Country Prefix+240
Mobile Phone Connections445,000
Landline Phone Connections10,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area28,051 (sq km)146

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population704,001 166
Population growth rate2.58 (%)24
Birth rate34.35 (births/1,000 population)29
Death rate8.59 (deaths/1,000 population)78
Maternal mortality rate240.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)46
Infant mortality rate73.12 (deaths/1,000 live births)14
Life expectancy at birth63.12 (years)184
Total fertility rate4.74 (children born/woman)25
Health expenditures4.50 (% of GDP)151
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.00 (%)15
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS20,000 76
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 71
Obesity - adult prevalence rate10.60 (%)129
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.60 (%)67
Education expenditures0.60 (% of GDP)173


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)19,600,000,000 132
GDP - real growth rate2.00 (%)133
GDP - per capita (PPP)26,400 59
Labor force195,200 172
Unemployment rate22.30 (%)166
Investment (gross fixed)44.60 (% of GDP)5
Taxes and other revenues59.40 (% of GDP)7
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)3.40 (% of GDP)18
Public debt4.30 (% of GDP)151
Inflation rate (consumer prices)6.20 (%)163
Central bank discount rate4.25 (%)88
Commercial bank prime lending rate15.00 (%)47
Stock of narrow money2,478,000,000 120
Stock of broad money3,115,000,000 143
Stock of domestic credit508,100,000 172
Industrial production growth rate1.80 (%)119
Current account balance290,200,000 50
Exports18,310,000,000 75
Imports7,590,000,000 109
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold3,825,000,000 101
Debt - external1,232,000,000 153


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production97,000,000 (kWh)196
Electricity - consumption90,210,000 (kWh)197
Electricity - installed generating capacity31,000 (kW)190
Electricity - from fossil fuels96.80 (% of total installed capacity)66
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants3.20 (% of total installed capacity)130
Crude oil - production302,500 (bbl/day)35
Crude oil - exports299,400 (bbl/day)25
Crude oil - proved reserves1,100,000,000 (bbl)40
Refined petroleum products - consumption1,588 (bbl/day)195
Refined petroleum products - exports25,670 (bbl/day)71
Refined petroleum products - imports4,561 (bbl/day)161
Natural gas - production6,740,000,000 (cu m)49
Natural gas - consumption1,580,000,000 (cu m)82
Natural gas - exports5,160,000,000 (cu m)31
Natural gas - proved reserves36,810,000,000 (cu m)70
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy5,005,000 (Mt)123


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use13,500 198
Telephones - mobile cellular426,000 169
Internet hosts7 228
Internet users14,400 200


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports7 166
Roadways2,880 (km)168
Merchant marine5 124


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures0.10 (% of GDP)170

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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