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Macao Country Guide

Explore Macao in Asia

Macao with the capital city Macao is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China). It covers some 254 square kilometres (less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC) with 449,198 citizens.

Interactive map of Macao

The landscape offers generally flat. The average density of population is approximately 1,768 per km². The notable climate conditions in Macao can be described as subtropical with marine with cool winters, warm summers. Potential threats by nature are typhoons.

To reach someone in Macao dial +853 prior to a number. There are 168,903 installed telephones. And there are 1,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mo". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Macao

Macao Flag Icon

Green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the center of the arc and two smaller on either side; the lotus is the floral emblem of Macau, the three petals represent the peninsula and two islands that make up Macau; the five stars echo those on the flag of China.

Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China''s political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the next 50 years.

National administrative regions of Macao

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Capital: Macao
Size254 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 98 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Pataca, Currency Code:MOP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).mo
Telephone Country Prefix+853
Mobile Phone Connections1,109,000
Landline Phone Connections168,903

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area28 (sq km)237

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population583,003 169
Population growth rate0.85 (%)129
Birth rate9.03 (births/1,000 population)207
Death rate3.97 (deaths/1,000 population)207
Net migration rate3.43 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)29
Infant mortality rate3.15 (deaths/1,000 live births)218
Life expectancy at birth84.46 (years)2
Total fertility rate0.93 (children born/woman)223
Education expenditures2.60 (% of GDP)156
Unemployment, youth ages 15-245.80 (%)130


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)47,190,000,000 98
GDP - real growth rate10.00 (%)10
GDP - per capita (PPP)82,400 4
Labor force356,700 160
Unemployment rate1.90 (%)10
Taxes and other revenues38.30 (% of GDP)50
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)22.60 (% of GDP)2
Inflation rate (consumer prices)6.10 (%)160
Commercial bank prime lending rate5.25 (%)155
Stock of narrow money5,940,000,000 93
Stock of broad money46,800,000,000 68
Stock of domestic credit5,723,000,000 114
Market value of publicly traded shares46,100,000,000 52
Industrial production growth rate-7.80 (%)166
Current account balance17,010,000,000 22
Exports1,020,000,000 156
Imports8,866,000,000 104
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold16,600,000,000 62
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home14,900,000,000 78
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad672,100,000 79


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production561,000,000 (kWh)159
Electricity - consumption4,214,000,000 (kWh)122
Electricity - imports3,860,000,000 (kWh)41
Electricity - installed generating capacity472,000 (kW)140
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)23
Refined petroleum products - consumption7,522 (bbl/day)161
Refined petroleum products - imports5,948 (bbl/day)149
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy2,537,000 (Mt)145


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use165,500 131
Telephones - mobile cellular1,353,000 148
Internet hosts327 189
Internet users270,200 134


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports1 224
Roadways413 (km)199

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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