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Macedonia Country Guide

Explore Macedonia in Europe

Macedonia with the capital city Skopje is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, north of Greece). It covers some 25,333 square kilometres (slightly larger than Vermont) with 2,061,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Macedonia

The topography includes mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys with three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line and country bisected by the Vardar River. The average density of population is approximately 81 per km². The notable climate conditions in Macedonia can be described as warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Possible natural disasters include high seismic risks.

To reach someone in Macedonia dial +389 prior to a number. There are 442,200 installed telephones. And there are 1,943,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Macedonia

Macedonia Flag Icon

A yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state''s use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the United States and 133 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia''s ethnic Albanian population and led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement, maintaining momentum on democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made over the past several years.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: Albania, Greece, , Bulgaria, Serbia
Capital: Skopje
Size25,333 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 9,781 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Vermont
CurrencyName Denar, Currency Code:MKD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).mk
Telephone Country Prefix+389
Mobile Phone Connections1,943,000
Landline Phone Connections442,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area25,713 (sq km)150

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population2,087,171 145
Population growth rate0.22 (%)174
Birth rate11.72 (births/1,000 population)167
Death rate9.00 (deaths/1,000 population)66
Net migration rate-0.48 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)134
Maternal mortality rate10.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)153
Infant mortality rate8.11 (deaths/1,000 live births)156
Life expectancy at birth75.58 (years)91
Total fertility rate1.59 (children born/woman)179
Health expenditures7.10 (% of GDP)79
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)145
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS200 158
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 142
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.10 (%)92
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.80 (%)120
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2455.30 (%)4


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)22,220,000,000 126
GDP - real growth rate-0.30 (%)188
GDP - per capita (PPP)10,800 112
Labor force940,600 144
Unemployment rate31.30 (%)183
Distribution of family income - Gini index43.20 48
Investment (gross fixed)26.70 (% of GDP)36
Taxes and other revenues29.80 (% of GDP)94
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-3.80 (% of GDP)131
Public debt27.30 (% of GDP)118
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.30 (%)89
Central bank discount rate4.00 (%)94
Commercial bank prime lending rate8.30 (%)112
Stock of narrow money1,413,000,000 137
Stock of broad money5,709,000,000 124
Stock of domestic credit4,681,000,000 118
Market value of publicly traded shares2,495,000,000 94
Industrial production growth rate4.00 (%)73
Current account balance-323,000,000 84
Exports4,002,000,000 123
Imports6,511,000,000 117
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold2,891,000,000 108
Debt - external6,807,000,000 106
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home4,284,000,000 87


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production5,810,000,000 (kWh)112
Electricity - consumption7,250,000,000 (kWh)99
Electricity - exports12,820,000 (kWh)84
Electricity - imports2,692,000,000 (kWh)47
Electricity - installed generating capacity1,940,000 (kW)103
Electricity - from fossil fuels65.70 (% of total installed capacity)124
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants34.30 (% of total installed capacity)63
Crude oil - imports18,800 (bbl/day)71
Refined petroleum products - production21,280 (bbl/day)96
Refined petroleum products - consumption17,490 (bbl/day)137
Refined petroleum products - exports8,594 (bbl/day)89
Refined petroleum products - imports21,530 (bbl/day)104
Natural gas - consumption136,600,000 (cu m)103
Natural gas - imports136,600,000 (cu m)71
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy8,231,000 (Mt)108


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use422,100 104
Telephones - mobile cellular2,213,000 137
Internet hosts62,826 92
Internet users1,057,000 97


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports14 151
Railways699 (km)100
Roadways13,736 (km)127


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures6.00 (% of GDP)11

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Situated on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe. Built mainly between the 7th and 19th centuries, it has the oldest Slav monastery (St Pantelejmon) and more than 800 Byzantine-style icons datin ...