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Micronesia Country Guide

Explore Micronesia in Oceania

Micronesia with the capital city Palikir is located in Oceania (Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 702 square kilometres (four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)) with 108,105 citizens.

Interactive map of Micronesia

The topography includes islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls with volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk. The average density of population is approximately 154 per km². The notable climate conditions in Micronesia can be described as tropical with heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands and located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage. Possible natural disasters include typhoons (June to December).

To reach someone in Micronesia dial +691 prior to a number. There are 8,700 installed telephones. And there are 38,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".fm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Micronesia

Micronesia Flag Icon

Light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap.

In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986, independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

National administrative regions of Micronesia

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Oceania
Capital: Palikir
Size702 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 271 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).fm
Telephone Country Prefix+691
Mobile Phone Connections38,000
Landline Phone Connections8,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area702 (sq km)191

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population106,104 192
Population growth rate-0.38 (%)219
Birth rate21.44 (births/1,000 population)79
Death rate4.27 (deaths/1,000 population)205
Net migration rate-20.95 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)219
Maternal mortality rate100.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)69
Infant mortality rate22.71 (deaths/1,000 live births)81
Life expectancy at birth72.07 (years)136
Total fertility rate2.68 (children born/woman)75
Health expenditures14.20 (% of GDP)5
Obesity - adult prevalence rate40.60 (%)12


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)766,400,000 210
GDP - real growth rate1.40 (%)148
GDP - per capita (PPP)7,500 139
Labor force15,920 213
Unemployment rate22.00 (%)165
Taxes and other revenues32.70 (% of GDP)79
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)1.50 (% of GDP)25
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.40 (%)92
Commercial bank prime lending rate15.13 (%)40
Stock of narrow money27,220,000 188
Stock of broad money118,400,000 189
Stock of domestic credit56,770,000 188
Current account balance-34,300,000 61
Exports24,900,000 206
Imports132,700,000 208
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold75,060,000 165
Debt - external60,800,000 192


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production192,000,000 (kWh)183
Electricity - consumption178,600,000 (kWh)187


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use8,500 202
Telephones - mobile cellular27,500 207
Internet hosts4,668 147
Internet users17,000 198


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports6 171
Roadways240 (km)207
Merchant marine3 139

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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