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Solomon Islands Country Guide

Explore Solomon Islands in Oceania

Solomon Islands with the capital city Honiara is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 28,450 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 581,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Solomon Islands

The topography includes mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls. The average density of population is approximately 20 per km². The notable climate conditions in Solomon Islands can be described as tropical monsoon with few extremes of temperature and weather. Possible natural disasters include typhoons, but rarely destructive or geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity or tsunamis.

To reach someone in Solomon Islands dial +677 prior to a number. There are 8,200 installed telephones. And there are 30,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sb". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands Flag Icon

Divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green; blue represents the ocean; green the land; and yellow sunshine; the five stars stand for the five main island groups of the Solomon Islands.

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Oceania
Capital: Honiara
Size28,450 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,984 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:SBD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).sb
Telephone Country Prefix+677
Mobile Phone Connections30,000
Landline Phone Connections8,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area28,896 (sq km)144

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population597,248 168
Population growth rate2.12 (%)45
Birth rate26.90 (births/1,000 population)47
Death rate3.88 (deaths/1,000 population)208
Net migration rate-1.82 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)158
Maternal mortality rate93.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)77
Infant mortality rate16.70 (deaths/1,000 live births)102
Life expectancy at birth74.66 (years)107
Total fertility rate3.44 (children born/woman)49
Health expenditures8.60 (% of GDP)51
Obesity - adult prevalence rate30.00 (%)27
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.50 (%)64
Education expenditures7.30 (% of GDP)19


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)1,922,000,000 194
GDP - real growth rate5.50 (%)53
GDP - per capita (PPP)3,400 175
Labor force202,500 170
Taxes and other revenues33.60 (% of GDP)75
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)5.40 (% of GDP)13
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.00 (%)109
Commercial bank prime lending rate13.17 (%)64
Stock of narrow money283,400,000 174
Stock of broad money386,400,000 183
Stock of domestic credit54,470,000 189
Current account balance-372,600,000 89
Exports226,500,000 182
Imports360,300,000 194
Debt - external166,000,000 187


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production82,000,000 (kWh)201
Electricity - consumption76,260,000 (kWh)201
Electricity - installed generating capacity14,000 (kW)197
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)8
Refined petroleum products - consumption1,728 (bbl/day)193
Refined petroleum products - imports1,433 (bbl/day)187
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy359,000 (Mt)184


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use8,400 203
Telephones - mobile cellular274,900 174
Internet hosts4,370 148
Internet users10,000 201


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports36 111
Roadways1,360 (km)177


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures3.70 (% of GDP)28

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

East Rennell
East Rennell makes up the southern third of Rennell Island, the southernmost island in the Solomon Island group in the western Pacific. Rennell, 86 km long x 15 km wide, is the largest raised coral atoll in the world. The site includes approximately ...