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Swaziland Country Guide

Explore Swaziland in Africa

Swaziland with the capital city Mbabane is located in Africa (Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa). It covers some 17,363 square kilometres (slightly smaller than New Jersey) with 1,128,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Swaziland

The terrain features mostly mountains and hills with some moderately sloping plains. The average density of population is approximately 65 per km². The notable climate conditions in Swaziland can be described as varies from tropical to near temperate. Potential natural disasters are drought.

To reach someone in Swaziland dial +268 prior to a number. There are 44,000 installed telephones. And there are 656,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Swaziland

Swaziland Flag Icon

Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally; blue stands for peace and stability, red represents past struggles, and yellow the mineral resources of the country; the shield, spears, and staff symbolize protection from the country's enemies, while the black and white of the shield are meant to portray black and white people living in peaceful coexistence.

Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, Africa's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal status of political parties remains unclear. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world''s highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.

National administrative regions of Swaziland

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: South Africa, Mozambique
Capital: Mbabane
Size17,363 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 6,703 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than New Jersey
CurrencyName Lilangeni, Currency Code:SZL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).sz
Telephone Country Prefix+268
Mobile Phone Connections656,000
Landline Phone Connections44,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area17,364 (sq km)159

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population1,403,362 154
Population growth rate1.17 (%)98
Birth rate25.68 (births/1,000 population)53
Death rate13.95 (deaths/1,000 population)11
Maternal mortality rate320.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)35
Infant mortality rate57.19 (deaths/1,000 live births)32
Life expectancy at birth50.01 (years)220
Total fertility rate2.96 (children born/woman)61
Health expenditures6.60 (% of GDP)95
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate25.90 (%)1
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS180,000 29
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,000 31
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.70 (%)98
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.10 (%)81
Education expenditures8.20 (% of GDP)11


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)6,345,000,000 163
GDP - real growth rate-1.50 (%)203
GDP - per capita (PPP)5,900 151
Labor force457,900 157
Unemployment rate40.00 (%)188
Distribution of family income - Gini index50.40 20
Investment (gross fixed)14.20 (% of GDP)139
Taxes and other revenues38.60 (% of GDP)49
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-0.30 (% of GDP)50
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.40 (%)186
Central bank discount rate6.50 (%)45
Commercial bank prime lending rate9.00 (%)100
Stock of narrow money335,800,000 168
Stock of broad money1,106,000,000 168
Stock of domestic credit960,000,000 159
Market value of publicly traded shares199,900,000 113
Industrial production growth rate1.00 (%)133
Current account balance-3,800,000 58
Exports1,985,000,000 143
Imports2,111,000,000 163
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold752,300,000 145
Debt - external737,300,000 166


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production450,000,000 (kWh)164
Electricity - consumption1,175,000,000 (kWh)149
Electricity - imports597,000,000 (kWh)73
Electricity - installed generating capacity130,000 (kW)165
Electricity - from fossil fuels67.70 (% of total installed capacity)113
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants32.30 (% of total installed capacity)69
Refined petroleum products - consumption4,567 (bbl/day)172
Refined petroleum products - imports4,898 (bbl/day)157
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy1,113,000 (Mt)165


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use75,800 153
Telephones - mobile cellular766,500 158
Internet hosts2,744 158
Internet users90,100 162


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports15 146
Railways301 (km)120
Roadways3,594 (km)160


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures2.60 (% of GDP)52

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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