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Trinidad and Tobago Country Guide

Explore Trinidad and Tobago in North America

Trinidad and Tobago with the capital city Port of Spain is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 5,128 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Delaware) with 1,047,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Trinidad and Tobago

The topography includes mostly plains with some hills and low mountains. The average density of population is approximately 204 per km². The notable climate conditions in Trinidad and Tobago can be described as tropical with rainy season (June to December). Possible natural disasters include outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Trinidad and Tobago dial +1-868 prior to a number. There are 314,800 installed telephones. And there are 1,970,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1800 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".tt". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 115V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago Flag Icon

Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people.

First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands'' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: North America
Capital: Port of Spain
Size5,128 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,979 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Delaware
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:TTD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).tt
Telephone Country Prefix+1-868
Mobile Phone Connections1,970,000
Landline Phone Connections314,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area5,128 (sq km)174

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population1,225,225 158
Population growth rate-0.09 (%)203
Birth rate14.07 (births/1,000 population)143
Death rate8.42 (deaths/1,000 population)84
Net migration rate-6.59 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)197
Maternal mortality rate46.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)112
Infant mortality rate25.74 (deaths/1,000 live births)73
Life expectancy at birth71.96 (years)137
Total fertility rate1.71 (children born/woman)169
Health expenditures5.70 (% of GDP)117
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.50 (%)35
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS15,000 85
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 79
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.30 (%)31
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.40 (%)94
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2410.50 (%)105


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)27,140,000,000 115
GDP - real growth rate0.40 (%)172
GDP - per capita (PPP)20,400 70
Labor force616,500 156
Unemployment rate6.30 (%)63
Investment (gross fixed)15.90 (% of GDP)133
Taxes and other revenues30.50 (% of GDP)89
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-2.50 (% of GDP)94
Public debt46.60 (% of GDP)74
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.70 (%)190
Central bank discount rate7.25 (%)36
Commercial bank prime lending rate7.99 (%)117
Stock of narrow money5,653,000,000 97
Stock of broad money17,280,000,000 91
Stock of domestic credit6,417,000,000 113
Market value of publicly traded shares12,160,000,000 69
Industrial production growth rate2.10 (%)112
Current account balance2,677,000,000 36
Exports12,720,000,000 84
Imports9,362,000,000 101
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold10,650,000,000 72
Debt - external4,780,000,000 119
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home102,000,000,000 39
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad3,829,000,000 66


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production7,271,000,000 (kWh)103
Electricity - consumption7,102,000,000 (kWh)100
Electricity - installed generating capacity1,429,000 (kW)114
Electricity - from fossil fuels99.70 (% of total installed capacity)54
Electricity - from other renewable sources0.30 (% of total installed capacity)85
Crude oil - production135,900 (bbl/day)46
Crude oil - exports55,240 (bbl/day)45
Crude oil - imports56,540 (bbl/day)54
Crude oil - proved reserves728,300,000 (bbl)44
Refined petroleum products - production165,100 (bbl/day)62
Refined petroleum products - consumption41,000 (bbl/day)107
Refined petroleum products - exports148,600 (bbl/day)38
Refined petroleum products - imports242 (bbl/day)206
Natural gas - production42,460,000,000 (cu m)25
Natural gas - consumption22,080,000,000 (cu m)34
Natural gas - exports20,380,000,000 (cu m)16
Natural gas - proved reserves381,100,000,000 (cu m)36
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy49,930,000 (Mt)62


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use292,000 117
Telephones - mobile cellular1,825,000 143
Internet hosts241,690 69
Internet users593,000 115


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports5 181
Roadways8,320 (km)139
Merchant marine4 131


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures0.60 (% of GDP)155

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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