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Uganda Country Guide

Explore Uganda in Africa

Uganda with the capital city Kampala is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, west of Kenya). It covers some 236,040 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Oregon) with 31,367,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Uganda

The terrain features mostly plateau with rim of mountains. The average density of population is approximately 133 per km². The notable climate conditions in Uganda can be described as tropical with generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August) and semiarid in northeast. Potential natural disasters are NA.

To reach someone in Uganda dial +256 prior to a number. There are 233,500 installed telephones. And there are 9,384,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ug". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Uganda

Uganda Flag Icon

Six equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a grey crowned crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side; black symbolizes the African people, yellow sunshine and vitality, red African brotherhood; the crane was the military badge of Ugandan soldiers under the UK.

The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
Capital: Kampala
Size236,040 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 91,135 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Oregon
CurrencyName Shilling, Currency Code:UGX
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ug
Telephone Country Prefix+256
Mobile Phone Connections9,384,000
Landline Phone Connections233,500

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area241,038 (sq km)81

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population34,758,809 36
Population growth rate3.32 (%)4
Birth rate44.50 (births/1,000 population)3
Death rate11.26 (deaths/1,000 population)35
Net migration rate-0.01 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)109
Maternal mortality rate310.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)36
Infant mortality rate62.47 (deaths/1,000 live births)22
Life expectancy at birth53.98 (years)208
Total fertility rate6.06 (children born/woman)4
Health expenditures9.00 (% of GDP)45
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate6.50 (%)10
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,200,000 8
HIV/AIDS - deaths64,000 8
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.30 (%)167
Children under the age of 5 years underweight16.40 (%)46
Education expenditures3.30 (% of GDP)134
Unemployment, youth ages 15-245.40 (%)131


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)51,270,000,000 96
GDP - real growth rate2.60 (%)118
GDP - per capita (PPP)1,400 206
Labor force16,550,000 38
Distribution of family income - Gini index44.30 46
Investment (gross fixed)24.90 (% of GDP)53
Taxes and other revenues13.90 (% of GDP)197
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-3.40 (% of GDP)121
Public debt26.80 (% of GDP)120
Inflation rate (consumer prices)14.70 (%)211
Central bank discount rate9.65 (%)27
Commercial bank prime lending rate21.83 (%)15
Stock of narrow money2,283,000,000 124
Stock of broad money4,162,000,000 132
Stock of domestic credit3,296,000,000 128
Market value of publicly traded shares1,788,000,000 99
Industrial production growth rate2.00 (%)115
Current account balance-2,280,000,000 141
Exports2,735,000,000 134
Imports5,528,000,000 123
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold2,705,000,000 111
Debt - external4,126,000,000 126


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production2,445,000,000 (kWh)133
Electricity - consumption2,217,000,000 (kWh)139
Electricity - exports75,000,000 (kWh)76
Electricity - imports29,000,000 (kWh)104
Electricity - installed generating capacity529,000 (kW)136
Electricity - from fossil fuels37.80 (% of total installed capacity)172
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants59.50 (% of total installed capacity)33
Electricity - from other renewable sources2.60 (% of total installed capacity)51
Crude oil - proved reserves1,000,000,000 (bbl)42
Refined petroleum products - consumption16,930 (bbl/day)140
Refined petroleum products - imports23,950 (bbl/day)98
Natural gas - proved reserves14,160,000,000 (cu m)80
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy2,014,000 (Mt)150


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use464,800 103
Telephones - mobile cellular16,697,000 52
Internet hosts32,683 106
Internet users3,200,000 66


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports46 95
Railways1,244 (km)83
Roadways70,746 (km)66


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.80 (% of GDP)76

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Located in south-western Uganda, at the junction of the plain and mountain forests, Bwindi Park covers 32,000 ha and is known for its exceptional biodiversity, with more than 160 species of trees and over 100 species of ferns. Many types of birds and ...
Rwenzori Mountains National Park
The Rwenzori Mountains National Park covers nearly 100,000 ha in western Uganda and comprises the main part of the Rwenzori mountain chain, which includes Africa's third highest peak (Mount Margherita: 5,109 m). The region's glaciers, waterfalls and ...
Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi
The Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi constitute a site embracing almost 30 ha of hillside within Kampala district. Most of the site is agricultural, farmed by traditional methods. At its core on the hilltop is the former palace of the Kabakas of Buga ...