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American Samoa Country Guide

Explore American Samoa in Oceania

American Samoa with the capital city Pago Pago is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 199 square kilometres (slightly larger than Washington, DC) with 57,881 citizens.

Interactive map of American Samoa

The topography includes five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island). The average density of population is approximately 291 per km². The notable climate conditions in American Samoa can be described as tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds with annual rainfall averages about 3 m, rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October) and little seasonal temperature variation. Possible natural disasters include typhoons common from December to March.

To reach someone in American Samoa dial +1-684 prior to a number. There are 10,400 installed telephones. And there are 2,200 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".as". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of American Samoa

American Samoa Flag Icon

Blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the fly side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a war club known as a "Fa'alaufa'i" (upper; left talon), and a coconut fiber fly whisk known as a "Fue" (lower; right talon); the combination of symbols broadly mimics that seen on the US Great Seal and reflects the relationship between the United States and American Samoa.

Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Oceania
Capital: Pago Pago
Size199 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 76 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).as
Telephone Country Prefix+1-684
Mobile Phone Connections2,200
Landline Phone Connections10,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area199 (sq km)216

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population54,719 206
Population growth rate-0.40 (%)220
Birth rate22.84 (births/1,000 population)73
Death rate4.62 (deaths/1,000 population)197
Net migration rate-22.17 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)221
Infant mortality rate9.15 (deaths/1,000 live births)150
Life expectancy at birth74.68 (years)106
Total fertility rate3.04 (children born/woman)57
Obesity - adult prevalence rate74.60 (%)1


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)575,300,000 214
GDP - real growth rate3.00 (%)107
GDP - per capita (PPP)8,000 133
Labor force17,630 211
Unemployment rate29.80 (%)177
Taxes and other revenues33.60 (% of GDP)74
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-6.10 (% of GDP)173
Exports445,600,000 174
Imports308,800,000 200


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production190,000,000 (kWh)184
Electricity - consumption176,700,000 (kWh)189
Electricity - installed generating capacity60,000 (kW)178
Electricity - from fossil fuels100.00 (% of total installed capacity)3
Refined petroleum products - consumption5,115 (bbl/day)168
Refined petroleum products - imports2,697 (bbl/day)172
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy688,800 (Mt)177


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use10,400 200
Internet hosts2,387 161


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports3 193
Roadways241 (km)206

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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