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Cameroon Country Guide

Explore Cameroon in Africa

Cameroon with the capital city Yaoundé is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 475,440 square kilometres (slightly larger than California) with 18,467,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Cameroon

The landscape offers diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north. The average density of population is approximately 39 per km². The notable climate conditions in Cameroon can be described as varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north. Potential threats by nature are volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes.

To reach someone in Cameroon dial +237 prior to a number. There are 323,800 installed telephones. And there are 7,397,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Cameroon

Cameroon Flag Icon

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow, with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; the vertical tricolor recalls the flag of France; red symbolizes unity, yellow the sun, happiness, and the savannahs in the north, and green hope and the forests in the south; the star is referred to as the "star of unity" note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.

French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: Chad, Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of the Congo, Nigeria
Capital: Yaoundé
Size475,440 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 183,568 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than California
CurrencyName Franc, Currency Code:XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).cm
Telephone Country Prefix+237
Mobile Phone Connections7,397,000
Landline Phone Connections323,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area475,440 (sq km)54

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population20,549,221 58
Population growth rate2.04 (%)49
Birth rate31.93 (births/1,000 population)36
Death rate11.51 (deaths/1,000 population)31
Maternal mortality rate690.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)9
Infant mortality rate58.51 (deaths/1,000 live births)28
Life expectancy at birth55.02 (years)202
Total fertility rate4.00 (children born/woman)40
Health expenditures5.10 (% of GDP)140
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.30 (%)13
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS610,000 14
HIV/AIDS - deaths37,000 11
Obesity - adult prevalence rate10.30 (%)130
Children under the age of 5 years underweight16.60 (%)45
Education expenditures3.20 (% of GDP)137


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)51,610,000,000 95
GDP - real growth rate4.70 (%)70
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,400 186
Labor force8,264,000 57
Unemployment rate30.00 (%)178
Distribution of family income - Gini index44.60 43
Investment (gross fixed)19.80 (% of GDP)100
Taxes and other revenues21.00 (% of GDP)157
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-1.50 (% of GDP)71
Public debt14.70 (% of GDP)137
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.90 (%)75
Commercial bank prime lending rate14.00 (%)57
Stock of narrow money3,973,000,000 109
Stock of broad money6,279,000,000 121
Stock of domestic credit2,810,000,000 132
Industrial production growth rate4.00 (%)75
Current account balance-946,400,000 110
Exports6,538,000,000 104
Imports6,597,000,000 115
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold3,851,000,000 100
Debt - external3,343,000,000 132


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production5,589,000,000 (kWh)115
Electricity - consumption5,049,000,000 (kWh)113
Electricity - installed generating capacity1,115,000 (kW)122
Electricity - from fossil fuels27.80 (% of total installed capacity)183
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants72.20 (% of total installed capacity)21
Crude oil - production61,580 (bbl/day)57
Crude oil - exports64,740 (bbl/day)44
Crude oil - imports32,490 (bbl/day)64
Crude oil - proved reserves200,000,000 (bbl)61
Refined petroleum products - production42,520 (bbl/day)87
Refined petroleum products - consumption29,410 (bbl/day)116
Refined petroleum products - exports17,470 (bbl/day)77
Refined petroleum products - imports5,715 (bbl/day)151
Natural gas - production20,000,000 (cu m)89
Natural gas - consumption20,000,000 (cu m)113
Natural gas - proved reserves135,100,000,000 (cu m)50
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy7,361,000 (Mt)111


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use669,000 90
Telephones - mobile cellular10,486,000 72
Internet hosts10,207 134
Internet users749,600 106


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports34 112
Railways1,245 (km)82
Roadways50,000 (km)78


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.30 (% of GDP)111

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Dja Faunal Reserve
This is one of the largest and best-protected rainforests in Africa, with 90% of its area left undisturbed. Almost completely surrounded by the Dja River, which forms a natural boundary, the reserve is especially noted for its biodiversity and a wide ...
Sangha Trinational
Situated in the north-western Congo Basin, where Cameroon, Central African Republic and Congo meet, the site encompasses three contiguous national parks totalling around 750,000 ha. Much of the site is unaffected by human activity and features a wide ...