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Singapore Country Guide

Explore Singapore in Asia

Singapore with the capital city Singapore is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia). It covers some 692 square kilometres (slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 4,608,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Singapore

The landscape offers lowland with gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve. The average density of population is approximately 6,652 per km². The notable climate conditions in Singapore can be described as tropical with hot, humid, rainy, two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September) and inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Singapore dial +65 prior to a number. There are 1,852,000 installed telephones. And there are 6,652,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800/3G MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".sg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Singapore

Singapore Flag Icon

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.

Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world''s busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Capital: Singapore
Size692 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 267 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
CurrencyName Dollar, Currency Code:SGD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).sg
Telephone Country Prefix+65
Mobile Phone Connections6,652,000
Landline Phone Connections1,852,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area697 (sq km)192

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population5,460,302 115
Population growth rate1.96 (%)55
Birth rate7.91 (births/1,000 population)220
Death rate3.41 (deaths/1,000 population)215
Net migration rate15.08 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)5
Maternal mortality rate3.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)182
Infant mortality rate2.59 (deaths/1,000 live births)221
Life expectancy at birth84.07 (years)4
Total fertility rate0.79 (children born/woman)224
Health expenditures4.00 (% of GDP)168
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.10 (%)159
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,400 127
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 152
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7.10 (%)142
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.30 (%)108
Education expenditures3.30 (% of GDP)132
Unemployment, youth ages 15-246.70 (%)128


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)331,900,000,000 41
GDP - real growth rate1.30 (%)152
GDP - per capita (PPP)61,400 7
Labor force3,618,000 97
Unemployment rate2.00 (%)12
Distribution of family income - Gini index47.80 26
Investment (gross fixed)24.70 (% of GDP)55
Taxes and other revenues15.40 (% of GDP)189
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)0.90 (% of GDP)31
Public debt111.40 (% of GDP)13
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.40 (%)121
Commercial bank prime lending rate5.38 (%)154
Stock of narrow money112,600,000,000 33
Stock of broad money400,800,000,000 26
Stock of domestic credit314,400,000,000 35
Market value of publicly traded shares569,400,000,000 21
Industrial production growth rate0.10 (%)143
Current account balance51,440,000,000 11
Exports408,400,000,000 14
Imports379,700,000,000 14
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold259,300,000,000 12
Debt - external1,174,000,000,000 16
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home454,900,000,000 15
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad300,300,000,000 19


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production45,370,000,000 (kWh)54
Electricity - consumption41,200,000,000 (kWh)53
Electricity - installed generating capacity10,470,000 (kW)54
Electricity - from fossil fuels99.80 (% of total installed capacity)48
Electricity - from other renewable sources0.20 (% of total installed capacity)90
Crude oil - imports883,500 (bbl/day)13
Refined petroleum products - production1,357,000 (bbl/day)18
Refined petroleum products - consumption1,250,000 (bbl/day)20
Refined petroleum products - exports1,140,000 (bbl/day)6
Refined petroleum products - imports1,348,000 (bbl/day)5
Natural gas - consumption8,778,000,000 (cu m)53
Natural gas - imports8,778,000,000 (cu m)28
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy172,200,000 (Mt)31


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use2,017,000 58
Telephones - mobile cellular7,794,000 90
Internet hosts1,960,000 39
Internet users3,235,000 65


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports9 158
Roadways3,356 (km)163
Merchant marine1,599 6


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures3.60 (% of GDP)33

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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