You are here:
  1. Homepage
  2. » Angola
Angola Flag Icon

Angola Country Guide

Explore Angola in Africa

Angola with the capital city Luanda is located in Africa (Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 1,246,700 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Texas) with 12,531,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Angola

The terrain features narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau. The average density of population is approximately 10 per km². The notable climate conditions in Angola can be described as semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda with north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April). Potential natural disasters are locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau.

To reach someone in Angola dial +244 prior to a number. There are 303,200 installed telephones. And there are 8,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ao". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Angola

Angola Flag Icon

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty, black the African continent, the symbols characterize workers and peasants.

Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA''s insurgency and cemented the MPLA''s hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Africa
Neighbours: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia, Republic of the Congo
Capital: Luanda
Size1,246,700 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 481,353 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
CurrencyName Kwanza, Currency Code:AOA
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).ao
Telephone Country Prefix+244
Mobile Phone Connections8,109,000
Landline Phone Connections303,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area1,246,700 (sq km)23

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population18,565,269 59
Population growth rate2.78 (%)18
Birth rate39.16 (births/1,000 population)10
Death rate11.86 (deaths/1,000 population)29
Net migration rate0.49 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)66
Maternal mortality rate450.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)24
Infant mortality rate81.75 (deaths/1,000 live births)8
Life expectancy at birth54.95 (years)203
Total fertility rate5.49 (children born/woman)10
Health expenditures2.90 (% of GDP)180
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.00 (%)30
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS200,000 27
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,000 25
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.40 (%)147
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.60 (%)50
Education expenditures3.50 (% of GDP)127


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)130,400,000,000 66
GDP - real growth rate8.40 (%)14
GDP - per capita (PPP)6,500 144
Labor force8,468,000 56
Investment (gross fixed)13.30 (% of GDP)142
Taxes and other revenues47.20 (% of GDP)20
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)11.60 (% of GDP)6
Public debt17.10 (% of GDP)135
Inflation rate (consumer prices)10.30 (%)200
Central bank discount rate30.00 (%)2
Commercial bank prime lending rate18.76 (%)21
Stock of narrow money12,930,000,000 72
Stock of broad money44,650,000,000 69
Stock of domestic credit27,120,000,000 73
Industrial production growth rate5.00 (%)59
Current account balance17,090,000,000 21
Exports71,950,000,000 50
Imports22,320,000,000 74
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold34,630,000,000 48
Debt - external19,650,000,000 81
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home115,500,000,000 36
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad8,196,000,000 55


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production4,080,000,000 (kWh)123
Electricity - consumption3,659,000,000 (kWh)125
Electricity - installed generating capacity1,155,000 (kW)121
Electricity - from fossil fuels56.90 (% of total installed capacity)143
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants43.10 (% of total installed capacity)51
Crude oil - production1,840,000 (bbl/day)17
Crude oil - exports1,757,000 (bbl/day)9
Crude oil - proved reserves15,000,000,000 (bbl)16
Refined petroleum products - production37,310 (bbl/day)89
Refined petroleum products - consumption79,430 (bbl/day)87
Refined petroleum products - exports31,050 (bbl/day)67
Refined petroleum products - imports41,480 (bbl/day)75
Natural gas - production734,000,000 (cu m)69
Natural gas - consumption733,000,000 (cu m)96
Natural gas - proved reserves310,000,000,000 (cu m)39
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy24,200,000 (Mt)80


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use303,200 115
Telephones - mobile cellular9,491,000 78
Internet hosts20,703 116
Internet users606,700 114


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports176 33
Railways2,764 (km)59
Roadways51,429 (km)77
Waterways1,300 (km)55
Merchant marine7 123


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures3.00 (% of GDP)40

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites