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Kyrgyzstan Country Guide

Explore Kyrgyzstan in Asia

Kyrgyzstan with the capital city Bishkek is located in Asia (Central Asia, west of China). It covers some 198,500 square kilometres (slightly smaller than South Dakota) with 5,356,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Kyrgyzstan

The landscape offers peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation. The average density of population is approximately 27 per km². The notable climate conditions in Kyrgyzstan can be described as dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains with subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley) and temperate in northern foothill zone. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Kyrgyzstan dial +996 prior to a number. There are 498,300 installed telephones. And there are 4,487,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".kg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan Flag Icon

Red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representing the 40 Kyrgyz tribes; on the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of a "tunduk" - the crown of a traditional Kyrgyz yurt; red symbolizes bravery and valor, the sun evinces peace and wealth.

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual fleeing to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

National administrative regions of Kyrgyzstan

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Asia
Neighbours: China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan
Capital: Bishkek
Size198,500 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 76,641 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than South Dakota
CurrencyName Som, Currency Code:KGS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).kg
Telephone Country Prefix+996
Mobile Phone Connections4,487,000
Landline Phone Connections498,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area199,951 (sq km)87

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population5,548,042 112
Population growth rate0.97 (%)119
Birth rate23.67 (births/1,000 population)69
Death rate6.83 (deaths/1,000 population)138
Net migration rate-7.13 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)200
Maternal mortality rate71.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)86
Infant mortality rate29.73 (deaths/1,000 live births)68
Life expectancy at birth69.75 (years)154
Total fertility rate2.71 (children born/woman)74
Health expenditures6.20 (% of GDP)103
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.30 (%)83
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,800 99
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 89
Obesity - adult prevalence rate15.50 (%)118
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.70 (%)112
Education expenditures5.80 (% of GDP)47
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2414.60 (%)89


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)13,500,000,000 144
GDP - real growth rate-0.90 (%)198
GDP - per capita (PPP)2,400 185
Labor force2,344,000 115
Unemployment rate8.60 (%)99
Distribution of family income - Gini index33.40 96
Investment (gross fixed)25.20 (% of GDP)48
Taxes and other revenues26.90 (% of GDP)109
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-7.40 (% of GDP)190
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.00 (%)112
Central bank discount rate2.50 (%)108
Commercial bank prime lending rate34.07 (%)4
Stock of narrow money1,330,000,000 138
Stock of broad money1,952,000,000 151
Stock of domestic credit897,100,000 162
Market value of publicly traded shares79,000,000 115
Industrial production growth rate10.00 (%)13
Current account balance-546,300,000 97
Exports2,294,000,000 139
Imports4,272,000,000 136
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold2,164,000,000 121
Debt - external3,666,000,000 131
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home1,669,000,000 94
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad1,500,000 92


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production14,900,000,000 (kWh)83
Electricity - consumption7,290,000,000 (kWh)98
Electricity - exports2,620,000,000 (kWh)39
Electricity - imports535,000,000 (kWh)76
Electricity - installed generating capacity3,640,000 (kW)83
Electricity - from fossil fuels20.10 (% of total installed capacity)191
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants79.90 (% of total installed capacity)15
Crude oil - production1,000 (bbl/day)98
Crude oil - imports2,387 (bbl/day)83
Crude oil - proved reserves40,000,000 (bbl)82
Refined petroleum products - production2,607 (bbl/day)113
Refined petroleum products - consumption16,640 (bbl/day)141
Refined petroleum products - exports5,902 (bbl/day)95
Refined petroleum products - imports28,940 (bbl/day)89
Natural gas - production12,500,000 (cu m)90
Natural gas - consumption462,500,000 (cu m)99
Natural gas - imports450,000,000 (cu m)68
Natural gas - proved reserves5,663,000,000 (cu m)90
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy4,131,000 (Mt)129


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use502,000 99
Telephones - mobile cellular6,277,000 98
Internet hosts115,573 81
Internet users2,195,000 74


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports28 122
Railways470 (km)112
Roadways34,000 (km)95
Waterways600 (km)80


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures2.80 (% of GDP)43

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain
Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain Kyrgyzstan dominates the Fergana Valley and forms the backdrop to the city of Osh, at the crossroads of important routes on the Central Asian Silk Roads. For more than one and a half millennia, Sulaiman was a beacon for t ...