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Denmark Country Guide

Explore Denmark in Europe

Denmark with the capital city Copenhagen is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea). It covers some 43,094 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts) with 5,484,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Denmark

The terrain features low and flat to gently rolling plains. The average density of population is approximately 127 per km². The notable climate conditions in Denmark can be described as temperate with humid and overcast and mild, windy winters and cool summers. Potential natural disasters are flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes.

To reach someone in Denmark dial +45 prior to a number. There are 2,062,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,406,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900/1800/3G MHz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".dk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Denmark

Denmark Flag Icon

Red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side; the banner is referred to as the Dannebrog (Danish flag) and is one of the oldest national flags in the world; traditions as to the origin of the flag design vary, but the best known is a legend that the banner fell from the sky during an early-13th century battle; caught up by the Danish king before it ever touched the earth, this heavenly talisman inspired the royal army to victory; in actuality, the flag may derive from a crusade banner or ensign note: the shifted design element was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden.

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.

National administrative regions of Denmark

Geography Quick-Facts

SummaryContinent: Europe
Neighbours: Germany
Capital: Copenhagen
Size43,094 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 16,638 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts
CurrencyName Krone, Currency Code:DKK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD).dk
Telephone Country Prefix+45
Mobile Phone Connections7,406,000
Landline Phone Connections2,062,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Area43,094 (sq km)134

People and Society

Value nameValueWorld Rank
Population5,556,452 111
Population growth rate0.23 (%)173
Birth rate10.20 (births/1,000 population)190
Death rate10.21 (deaths/1,000 population)48
Net migration rate2.30 (migrant(s)/1,000 population)37
Maternal mortality rate12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births)151
Infant mortality rate4.14 (deaths/1,000 live births)197
Life expectancy at birth78.94 (years)48
Total fertility rate1.73 (children born/woman)167
Health expenditures11.40 (% of GDP)14
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.20 (%)97
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS5,300 118
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 128
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.20 (%)107
Education expenditures8.70 (% of GDP)7
Unemployment, youth ages 15-2414.20 (%)90


Value nameValueWorld Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity)213,600,000,000 55
GDP - real growth rate-0.60 (%)192
GDP - per capita (PPP)38,300 32
Labor force2,848,000 106
Unemployment rate6.40 (%)67
Distribution of family income - Gini index24.80 132
Investment (gross fixed)17.20 (% of GDP)123
Taxes and other revenues56.30 (% of GDP)12
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-4.00 (% of GDP)136
Public debt45.30 (% of GDP)76
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.60 (%)61
Central bank discount rate0.75 (%)133
Commercial bank prime lending rate4.50 (%)163
Stock of narrow money134,200,000,000 27
Stock of broad money230,800,000,000 37
Stock of domestic credit664,700,000,000 23
Market value of publicly traded shares231,700,000,000 31
Industrial production growth rate1.90 (%)118
Current account balance18,600,000,000 20
Exports110,800,000,000 37
Imports97,910,000,000 36
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold85,050,000,000 26
Debt - external587,600,000,000 24
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home120,700,000,000 34
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad222,200,000,000 20


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Electricity - production36,390,000,000 (kWh)62
Electricity - consumption32,420,000,000 (kWh)60
Electricity - exports11,730,000,000 (kWh)18
Electricity - imports10,600,000,000 (kWh)20
Electricity - installed generating capacity13,420,000 (kW)48
Electricity - from fossil fuels65.80 (% of total installed capacity)123
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants0.10 (% of total installed capacity)151
Electricity - from other renewable sources34.20 (% of total installed capacity)1
Crude oil - production221,100 (bbl/day)39
Crude oil - exports171,100 (bbl/day)33
Crude oil - imports70,220 (bbl/day)53
Crude oil - proved reserves900,000,000 (bbl)43
Refined petroleum products - production158,500 (bbl/day)66
Refined petroleum products - consumption160,200 (bbl/day)65
Refined petroleum products - exports93,890 (bbl/day)42
Refined petroleum products - imports177,700 (bbl/day)30
Natural gas - production7,069,000,000 (cu m)48
Natural gas - consumption4,179,000,000 (cu m)65
Natural gas - exports3,126,000,000 (cu m)35
Natural gas - imports369,000,000 (cu m)70
Natural gas - proved reserves51,990,000,000 (cu m)66
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy45,960,000 (Mt)64


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Telephones - main lines in use2,515,000 53
Telephones - mobile cellular7,159,000 94
Internet hosts4,297,000 25
Internet users4,750,000 48


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Airports89 64
Railways2,667 (km)61
Roadways73,197 (km)62
Waterways400 (km)88
Merchant marine367 27


Value nameValueWorld Rank
Military expenditures1.30 (% of GDP)112

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Ilulissat Icefjord
Located on the west coast of Greenland, 250 km north of the Arctic Circle, Greenland’s Ilulissat Icefjord (40,240 ha) is the sea mouth of Sermeq Kujalleq, one of the few glaciers through which the Greenland ice cap reaches the sea. Sermeq Kujalleq is ...
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church
The Jelling burial mounds and one of the runic stones are striking examples of pagan Nordic culture, while the other runic stone and the church illustrate the Christianization of the Danish people towards the middle of the 10th century. ...
Kronborg Castle
Located on a strategically important site commanding the Sund, the stretch of water between Denmark and Sweden, the Royal castle of Kronborg at Helsingør (Elsinore) is of immense symbolic value to the Danish people and played a key role in the histor ...
Roskilde Cathedral
Built in the 12th and 13th centuries, this was Scandinavia's first Gothic cathedral to be built of brick and it encouraged the spread of this style throughout northern Europe. It has been the mausoleum of the Danish royal family since the 15th centur ...
Stevns Klint
This geological site comprises a 15 km-long fossil-rich coastal cliff, offering exceptional evidence of the impact of the Chicxulub meteorite that crashed into the planet at the end of the Cretaceous, about 65 million years ago. Researchers think tha ...
Wadden Sea
This is an extension of the Dutch and German Wadden Sea site, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2009. The Wadden Sea is the largest unbroken system of intertidal sand and mud flats in the world. The complete extension now covers most of the Dan ...